Fandom

Conlang

Venethian

3,198articles on
this wiki
Add New Page
Talk0 Share

Ad blocker interference detected!


Wikia is a free-to-use site that makes money from advertising. We have a modified experience for viewers using ad blockers

Wikia is not accessible if you’ve made further modifications. Remove the custom ad blocker rule(s) and the page will load as expected.

Venethian
Type Fusional
Alignment Nominative-Accusative
Head direction Final
Tonal No
Declensions Yes
Conjugations Yes
Genders 2+1x2
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect
Meta-information
Progress 0%
Statistics
Nouns 0%
Verbs 0%
Adjectives 0%
Syntax 0%
Words of 1500
Creator Slavonicus


Classification and DialectsEdit

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Labio-dental Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Retroflex Palatal Velar Uvular Pharyngeal Epiglottal Glottal
Nasal
Plosive
Fricative
Affricate
Approximant
Trill
Flap or tap
Lateral fric.
Lateral app.
Lateral flap

VowelsEdit

Front Near-front Central Near-back Back
High
Near-high
High-mid
Mid
Low-mid
Near-low
Low

PhonotacticsEdit

Writing SystemEdit

General info and alpabetEdit

Venethian language uses Cyrillic alphabet named Азъбука ['azɤbuka] by its first two letters: Аа (азъ ['azŏ], means 'I') and Бб (бука ['buka], means 'letter, writing symbol'). Venetian alphabet consists of 40 letters and contains:

  • 10 letters for vowels.
  • 25 letters for consonants. 16 of them can be both palatalized and not palatalized, 9 nine of them fixed in palatalized/unpalatalized states, 8 eight of last ones form pairs.
  • 4 letters for stable consonant clusters. Three of them are combinations of syllabic consonants and palatal approximant, so they can be considered rather syllable then consonant cluster.
  • Specific letter Ьь stands for /ĭ/, as well as playing role of palatalization marker - /ʲ/, depending on case.
Letter Аа Бб Вв Џџ Гг Ћћ Дд Ее
Sound /a/ /b/ /v/ /ðʲ/ /g/ /d͡ʒʲ/ /d̪/ /e/
Name Азъ Бука Ведатi Џера Глаголiтi Ћерџ Добро Естi
Letter Жж Зз Ss Ii Jj Кк Лл Љљ
Sound /ʒ/ /z/ /d͡zʲ/ /i/ /j/ /k/ /ɫ̪/ /l̩j/
Name Жiвота Земља Sвезда I I краткое Како Ладjа Људiнъ
Letter Мм Ꙧꙧ Нн Њњ Оо Пп Рр Сс
Sound /m/ /m̩j/ /n/ /n̩j/ /o/ /p/ /r/ /s̪/
Name Мислiте Ꙧѣд Ново Њесть Оно Покоi Реки Слово
Letter Тт Ϛϛ Уу Фф Ѳѳ Ѡѡ Хх Цц
Sound /t̪/ /s̪t̪/ /u/ /f/ /θʲ/ /ø/ /x/ /t̪͡s̪/
Name Твердо Ϛол Ук Ферт Ѳета Ѡмега Херъ Ци
Letter Чч Шш Ъъ Ии Ьь Ѣѣ Ѧѧ Ѫѫ
Sound /t̪͡ʃ/ /ʃ/ /ɤ/, /ŏ/ /ɨ/ /ʲ/, /ĭ/ /æ/ /ɛ̃/ /ɔ̃/
Name Черџ Ша Еръ Ери Ерь Ѣть Ѧсъ Ѫсъ

Orthograhy Edit

ЬьEdit

As palatalization marker Edit

Ьь marks palatalization of consonant if written after the consonant (C) before the vowel. (V). CьV /CʲV/. Examples:

  • Полье /p'olʲe/ - 'a field'
  • Желанье /ʒel'anʲe/ - 'a wish'
  • Знанье /zn'anʲe/ - 'a knowledge'

However, digrafs ль, мь, нь turn into љ, њ, correspondingly, if both following conditions fulfilled:

  • л/м/н are preceded by consonants by consonant or placed in the beginning of word.
  • ь is not at the end of the word.

Examples:

  • (Земльа→)Земља /zemˌl̩j'a/ - 'The Earth, a land, a ground', but земельнѡ /zem'elĭnø/ - 'earthly'.

On the other hand, some sounds change significantly in case of patalization, so their ь-digraphs are replaced by specific letters.

  • Вь/vʲ/ → Џ/ðʲ/
  • Гь/gʲ/ → Ћ/d͡ʒʲ/
  • Зь/zʲ/ → S/d͡zʲ/
  • Фь/fʲ/ → Ѳ/θʲ/

Frequently any of those letters can be stable, and can be found in places, where ь usually don't play role of palatalizer. Example: sвезда [d͡zʲvezd'a] - 'a star', while its analog зьвезда should be read [zĭvezd'a] according to rules. This phonetic-orthographic rules can be broken in case, when Venethian alphabet is used for transliteration of others languages, especially others Slavic languges. Also hard versions of Џ, Ћ, S, Ѳ are used for transliteration of others languages. The are created by using deacritic mark named 'jерiк' /j'erik/ : Џ꙽ /ð/, Ћ꙽ /d͡ʒ/, S꙽ /d͡z/, Ѳ꙽ /θ/.

GrammarEdit

NounsEdit

  • To the first declension belong masculine nouns with ending .
  • To the second declension belong nouns of feminine gender that have endings Examples: заноза, дружба, вода, глава, зимa
  • To the third declension belong nouns of feminine gender that have phonetic ending /ja/ or /ʲa/.This include endings -ja /ja/, -ьа /ʲa/, -љa /l̩ja/, -ꙧa /m̩ja/, -њa /n̩ja/, -џaʲa/, -ћa /d͡ʒʲa/, -sa /d͡zʲa/, -ѳaʲa/
  • To the fourth declension belong nouns of masculine and neuter gender, that have ending / and masculine nouns that have ending -ь and stem ends with voiced consonant(Example, ножь)
  • To the fifth declension belong nouns of feminine gender, that have ending , and masculine that have the same ending and their stem ends with voiceless consonant.

The First Declension Edit

Case Singular Plural
Nominative
Genitive
Partitive -ов
Abessive њ-/нi- -а њ-/нi- -ов
Benefactive -адi -ъдi
Dative -ъмъ
Accusative -и/-ов
Instrumental -омь -ъмi
Prepositional
Ablative -ѣхъ
Vocative -э/у

The Second Declension Edit

Case Singular Plural
Nominative
Genitive
Partitive -i -ов
Abessive њ-/нi- -и њ-/нi- -ъ
Benefactive -идi -адi
Dative -амъ
Accusative -и/-ъ
Instrumental -оjѫ -ами
Prepositional -ах
Ablative -ама
Vocative

VerbsEdit

SyntaxEdit

LexiconEdit

Example textEdit

Also on Fandom

Random Wiki