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Verdantheria

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Overview

PhonologyEdit

Vowels:

a-a

e- Ɛ

i-i

o-o

u-u



Consonants:

spelling-IPA //name



b-b //bar

d-d //des

f-f //fer

g-g //gam

h-h //heh

j-dʒ //jet

k-k //kes

l-l //lav

m-m //mem

n-n //nen

p-p //par

r-ɾ //rat

x-r //axe

s-s //sar

š-ʂ //šav

t-t //tun

th-θ //thar

v-v // ver

y-j //yan

Basic GrammarEdit

1. Nouns - DavaranenEdit

Nouns have 3 features

1. Gender - patren

2. Number - myada

3. Case - švartan


GenderEdit

Endings of all genders:

masculine - any consonant

feminine - 'a'

neuter - 'o' or 'u'


NumberEdit

Nouns in Verdantheria can be singular or plural only.

Adding "-en" suffix to a noun makes plural form.


CasesEdit

There are five declinations in Verdantheria: feminine, masculine I and II, neuter and plural.

The difference of two masculine declinations depends of the ending of the word in Nominative.

If it's *VC then it's Masculine I, if *VCC - masculine II.


Case feminine neuter masculine I masculine II plural
Nominative merana lanno hlis mist sarlaen
Genetive meranan lanni hlise mistan sarlaenya
Dative meranay lannome hliseyn misteyn sarlaenla
Accusative meranan lanni hlise mistan sarlaente
Ablative meranat lannay hlisis misteln sarlaenti


2. Verbs - NethelenEdit

All infinitives end with the letter "-e" or "-i".

There are five tenses: Present, Past imperfect, Past perfect, Future imperfect, Future Perfect

ConjugationsEdit

Singular Present Past imperfect Past perfect Future imperfect Future perfect
1 dorem doremo doremos doremi doremim
2 doren doreno dorenos doreni dorenin
3 dores doreso doresos doresi doresis
Plural
1 doreme doremet doremete doremey doremeym
2 dorene dorenet dorenete doreney doreneyn
3 dorese doreset doresete doresey

doreseys

Negation and imperativeEdit

We make negations in Verdantheria by adding word "je" before the noun.

Imperative forms are made by adding the "-j" suffix to an infinitive.


Creating new words from verbs:


Nouns are created by "cutting off" the last vowel from the infinitive.

Adjectives are made by adding "-b" suffix to an infinitive. If an adjective needs to have a perfective form you also have to add prefix "mi-".

3. Adjectives - fešnatenEdit

The dictionary form is always masculine. You can also create:

feminine by adding "-a"

neuter by adding "-o".


They use the same declinations as Nouns.

You can make adjectives from nouns by adding:

"-nin" for masculine form

"-na" for feminine

"-no" for neuter and

"-nen" for plural


Comparison of adjectivesEdit

There are three forms of comparison:

-positive

-comparative ("na-")

-superlative ("voye-")


We also create adverbs from basic form of an adjective and suffix "-os".

4. Pronouns - šatravenEdit

There are three types of pronouns:

1. Personal pronouns - palanen šatraven

2. Possesive pronouns - jaleben šatraven

3. Other pronouns - lesken šatraven (all pronouns that are not from group 1. and 2.)


1. Personal pronounsEdit

There are 10 different personal pronouns (5 singular and 5 plural):

Singular:

Is-I

Dei-You

Nes-He

Nesi-She

Neso-It

Plural:

Ine-We

Doni-You

Mes-They (masculine)

Mesi-They(feminine and mixed groups)

Meso-They(animals, inanimate objects and so called "polite form" of "you")


They have different conjugations from nouns.


Case

Personal pronouns
Nominative is dei nes nesi neso ine doni mes mesi meso
Genetive ises deys neses nesis nesos ines donis meses mesis mesos
Dative isem deym nesem nesim nesom inem donim mesem mesim mesom
Accusative ises deys neses nesis nesos ines donis meses mesis mesos
Ablative iset deyt neset nesit nesot inet donit meset mesit mesot

2. Possesive PronounsEdit

Case Possesive Pronouns
Nominative iso deyo neso nesyo nesto ino donyo meseo mesyo mesto
Genetive isos deyos nesos nesyos nestos inos donyos meseos mesyos mestos
Dative isom deyom nesom nesyom nestom inom donyom meseom mesyom mestom
Accusative isos deyos nesos nesyos nestos inos donyos meseos mesyos mestos
Ablative isot deyot nesot nesyot nestom inot donyot meseot mesyot mestot

5. Numerals - myadnisenEdit

1. Cardinal Numbers - kalamen myadnisenEdit

0-kol

1-jin

2-pel

3-lim

4-thir

5-nir

6-ris

7-parin

8-vay

9-lethin

10-kej

20-peljen

30-limjen

40-thiryen

50-niryen

60-risyen

70-parinjen

80-vayen

90-lethinjen

100-nuo

1000-eren


2. Ordinal numbersEdit

They are created by adding "-ti" to a cardinal number, eg. thir-thirti (four-fourth).

In more complex numerals you add this suffix only to the last number, eg. limjen-pel->limjen-pelti(thirty two-thirty second)


3. Multiplicative numeralsEdit

In english there are only 2 numerals that can be counted as multiplicative: double and triple.

In Verdantheria you can create such numerals from every number you want by adding "no-" to a cardinal number, eg. double would be "nopel".


Cardinal numbers and multiplicative numerals conjugate using masculine conjugation I while ordinal numbers take feminine conjugation.


DictionaryEdit

...

Example textEdit

Our fatherEdit

Šir ino, nert ives ke alvaro

Ji verdo deys vote ives kalo

Ji vote lekelles meranto deys

Ji vote ives natra deys

Eo nalissa falt ives ke alvaro

Malj ines kon karo halvo

Ino mast karon

E salj ines šohen ino

Falt ine salleme meses nert šohese eo ines

E je valdes ines kos janayla

Moy hoj ines ker šoh

Amen







English is not my first language so I'm looking forward to any help.

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