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Vernacular Aka language

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Name: Pasa aka

Type: Agglutinative

Alignment:

Head Direction:

Number of genders: 1

Declensions: No

Conjugations: Yes

Nouns declined
according to
Case Number
Definitiveness Gender
Verbs conjugated
according to
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect


Aka language is a language spoken by the aboriginal population of the center of Pela language of the Archipelago of Mu. [1]

Phonology Edit

Aka uses 21 phonetic consonants and only 3 vowels.

Consonants Edit

Table of consonant phonemes of Aka
Labial Dental/
Alveolar
Post-
alveolar
Palatal Velar Glottal
Nasal [m]
(m)
[n]
(n)
[ŋ]
(ng)
Plosive [p]
(p)
[b]
(b)
[t]
(t)
[d]
(d)
[k]
(k)
[g]
(g)
[ʔ]
(y)[2]
Fricative [s]

, [z]

(s, z)
[ʃ]
(x)
[h]
(h)
Affricate [tʃ]
(c)
[dʒ]
(j)
Tap [ɾ]
(r)
Approximant [v]
(v, w)

Vowels and diphtongs Edit

vowels are a, i, y, e, o. They can be long vowels. If so, an acute accent is put over the concerned vowel

Syllabic stress Edit

Syllabic stress is put at the penultimate syllable of the root. When affixes is combinated with roots, tonic accent (an acute accent) is put in the vowel which is accentuated.

Grammar Edit

Declensions Edit

Noun's declentions
Case Affix
Genitive — ca
Accusative — á
Dative — wa
Benefactive — wá
Ablative — 'u
Equative cy —

Remarks :

  • All noun inflections are regular
  • There are not plural inflections.
  • There are not articles which defines or undefines nouns.
  • Accentuation must be marked if and only if ambiguity is possible.
Adjective's declensions
Case Affix
Genitive — ji
Accusative — zá
Dative — zó
Benefactive — zól
Ablative — zúx
Equative ju —

Remarks :

  • Adjective roots declines like nouns
  • There are not plural inflections.
  • There are not articles which defines or undefines nouns.
  • Accentuation must be marked if and only if ambiguity is possible.
declensions of nouns from adjective roots
Case Affix
Genitive — yx
Accusative — yc
Dative — yf
Benefactive — pyl
Ablative — yxu
Equative cú —

Remarks :

  • There are not plural inflections.
  • There are not articles which defines or undefines nouns.
  • Accentuation must be marked if and only if ambiguity is possible.

Syntax Edit

Nouns Edit

Aka uses bisyllabic roots to form nouns. They declines according to declensions tables indicated at the section "declensions".

They are three types of roots : adverb, adjective and noun.

The transition from a type to another one is realized by affixes.

Pronoun Edit

Pronouns are bisyllabic and doesn't have any declension.

Affix transition is not marked.

Personal pronouns
Subject Root Meaning
v —
vex
1st person sing.
m —
mex
2nd person sing.
i —
iex
3rd person sing.
vaz —
vax
1st person plur.
ci —
cyn
2nd person plur.
ji —
jen
3rd person plur.

Notae :

  • Subject personal pronouns are prefixes and must be put with the verb and cannot be separated from it.
  • Pronouns does not have declensions, and can not take accusative marks for this reason.

Qualificative adjectives Edit

Affix transitions

Adjectives formed from noun roots must be marked with the prefix — ý

Adjectives formed from adverb roots must be marked with the prefix — ió

Adverbs Edit

Adverbs formed from nouns and adjectives must be marked with the affix — ú.

Verbs Edit

Verbs declines according to tense and according to persons ; There is only participle as mood ; it for this reason that :

  • Conditional is expressed by the future tense
  • Imperative is expressed by the present with the particle vu after infinitive mark
  • Subjunctive can be expressed by the present or past tense.
Tense Tense
Marks
Present/
Infinitive
Participle
Present — a* — ax — ań
Past — i* — ix — iń
Future — u* — ux — uń


See also Edit

References Edit

  1. http://conworld.wikia.com/wiki/Republic_of_the_Ponant Details in conworlds
  2. See the section "verbs

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