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Classification and DialectsEdit

Vigia
жғᶃЛ (Figano)
Type  ?
Alignment  ?
Head direction  ?
Tonal Yes
Declensions No
Conjugations Yes
Genders 2
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect
Meta-information
Progress 0%
Statistics
Nouns 0%
Verbs 0%
Adjectives 0%
Syntax 0%
Words of 1500
Creator Rainierroitayam

Vigia (pronounced as [ˈvi.gia], [ˈvi.dʒia], [ˌvi.ˈdʒi.ja] or [ˌvi.ˈgi.ja], depending on who you ask) is the language of the Figanii People in the country Figania. It influenced its neighbor country, Kappai, and is also influenced by it. The influences made some changes in the language Vigia like the word for "I" is "sif" in Kapaupa (Official Language of Kappai) but "shif" in Vigia. It is related to Xara and share a single family, called Proto-Vixara (pronounced as [ˈproʊtoˈviˌhaɹa]).

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Labio-dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Nasal m n ɲ ŋ
Plosive p b t d c ɟ k g ʔ
Fricative f v s z ʃ ʒ h
Approximant w (also Velar) ɹ j w (also Bilabial)
Affricates tʃ dʒ
Trill r
Lateral l

VowelsEdit

Front Near-front Central Near-back Back
High i y u
High-mid ɪ ʊ o
Mid ə
Low-mid e ʌ
Low a

PhonotacticsEdit

This is how I will represent tones for this part: "toneA"-"toneB"-"toneC", For example, i'm gonna represent "High tone" as tone 4, "Middle tone" as tone 3, "Middle to Low to High tone" as tone 3-2-4, and vice versa.

Here are the phonotactics in how each neighboring phonemes will interact and create tones. Only phonemes that are at the same syllable and are adjacent to one another are the only ones that we will consider as "neighbors" (PS: Only vowels and semi-vowels are the ones that can be tonalized, and we will consider diphthongs as vowels):

  1. If a vowel is between 2 consonants then descend
    1. If the consonant to the left is voiceless then descend. If not, make the tone to tone 2
      1. If the consonant to the right is voiceless too, make the tone to tone 3. If not, make the tone to tone 3-4
  2. If a vowel is at the right of a consonant then descend
    1. If the consonant is voiceless, make the tone to tone 3-4-3. If not, make the tone to tone 4
  3. If a vowel is at the left of a consonant then descend
    1. If the vowel is High or High-mid (if only one is High or High-mid in a diphthong, the 2 vowels will have different tones), follow the rule at 2.1. If not, make the tone to tone 4

It represented graphically, it will look like this:

Vigia
Since the final arrow paths only has 1 path, this means that tones does not really convey any vocabularic info. Tones are usually for mood, like how we know if someone is angry. This is only used if the mood is neutral or normal. High tones are usually used for happiness, Low tones for sadness, Complex AND Low tones for scared, Complex AND High tones for feeling competitive, Complex ONLY for neutral also, and many more.

Writing SystemEdit

Vigia uses a Syllabary, or Si᷈sātsá (жSʂἎTʂ) that makes each consonant-vowel pair syllable 1 glyph. To make a CVC or VCV syllable, just stick one unpaired vowel/consonant glyph.

[b]

[d] [p] [t] [k] [g] [tʃ] [dʒ] [c] [ɟ] [f] [v] [h] [ʔ] [m] [n] [ɲ] [ŋ] [l] [r] [ɹ] [j] [w] [s] [z] _
[a] [ə] [ʌ] ϸ ӑ P Ԏ Қ ѽ ד Ӻ v h צ п Ϻ Й Σ ф ɻ Ψ ʍ ʂ z ϫ
[e] Ь Ԁ Ҏ τ K ʃ Ѿ ק F Ѷ H א m Ҋ И e Ї R j w e ɶ ε
[i] [ɪ] [y] В d π Ҵ x G Ҩ ׆ ױ ғ ѷ Ћ ʔ Ϣ N ñ Έ l Ѩ y ѿ S œ ї
[o] Ѣ Б ϕ Ҭ k ש ʒ Q ԍ f Ѵ Њ מ ϣ Л ɲ Є ϑ ɹ Y a ɵ ɒ
[u] [ʊ] ҍ Ԃ ϼ t X ת נ Ѻ c Ғ ѵ Ҥ ע ш л Ш ŋ Ѓ ѭ J ɔ u Ω
_ β D p T ҳ g ӿ q C ҧ ҵ V ħ ? M n Г ѯ L r ɣ W s Z

It's pretty tricky to tell if the consonant came first before the vowel or the other way around. To combat this, we added 2 symbols to signify what does came first: ж (if consonants came first) and ҹ (if vowel came first). An example of use of these symbols are these: жϸϸҹѢ (pronounced as "ba-ba-ob"), ҹҬжԎϸΩ (pronounced as "ot-ta-ba-u"). If you wan't to remove [t] and [d] in [tʃ] and [dʒ] to get [ʃ] and [ʒ], there a symbol to remove those pesky "stoppifiers". The symbol is ễ, for example: ễᶘἎГ (pronounced as "shang"). And the symbol for binding 2 syllables to one is Ἆ.

There are also words that only have one symbol, usually coming from Kapaupa, these are called Ha᷄̄nsi᷈sātsá (жhἎnSʂἎTʂ)

GrammarEdit

NounsEdit

VerbsEdit

SyntaxEdit

Sentences are written in a VSO structure. This mean that if the sentence "The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog." is turned into this structure, it would be "Jumps the quick brown fox over the lazy dog". Here is the sentence "This is heavy." in Vigia: "жҬxἎϫ жԎἎΩ׆Ἆϫ". Surely, that difficult to spell, especially the word for tongue, which is spelled out as, wait for it, "kronananoniaeationgawaciatastongawacia". You thought unfamiliar word spelling quiz is difficult? So they get rid of all of the useless words to help conserve ink, even though there is almost unlimited amount of it from coal. So they removed words like "is" and "are", I mean you can understand this incomplete sentence "This heavy.", or "Those my candies.", isn't?

LexiconEdit

Family Member Words Edit

How will you name out all of the members of your family tree? "Mother", "Father", "Sister", "Brother", "Aunt", etc. well there are also words for family members in Vigia. In the next sub-heading at the table of it, mother is pemauhangyona and father is pemaugyona. the infix for female is "han", or not really an infix since hangyonia (means "woman") is the rootword for the word for mother, which has "han" as its prefix. applying this logic that hangyonia means woman and gyonia means man will help for naming the words for sister and brother, sister will be "penhangyonia" and brother will be "pengyonia". The prefix "pen" is used because its also the prefix for the word for child, penyania. the same pair of words can be used for pairs of words for daughter and son. except that it will have the suffix "pe", suggesting it is at a younger level of generation relative to a person, we will call "You" for this sub-heading only, anyways.

So there are more than 1 word for each family member since sister is the same as mother's daughter, "penhangyonia" can be "pemauhangyonenhangyoniape", and this is where ridiculously long words can form these like "pemauhangyonenhangyoniapemauhangyonenhangyoniape", but these isn't worried as much as these words are considered to be "Dumb words" in their culture and whoever say these words can be said in their culture as unintelligent, instead of the other way around.

Back on track, to suggest an older level of generation relative to a person (these by the way can stack) you will use the suffix "ce". Like for example, the word for grandmother is "pemauhangyonace", if you are referring to a more specific term like mother's father, you will do the compounding technique like that one at the last paragraph. For example, mother's father will be "pemauhangyonemaugyona". Their culture of "Dumb words" no longer applies here because these words are necessary and are required if you are talking about that thing, unlike those at the last paragraph that only gives lenght and does not give extra meaning. This compounding technique can be used to form word for aunt, which is pemauhangyonenhangyonia (mother's sister) or pemaugyonenhangyonia (father's sister), and uncle, which is pemauhangyonengyonia (mother's brother) or pemaugyonengyonia (father's brother). With this you can clearly tell who are you really talking to, and to prevent problems like: "What does "granduncle" really mean? my uncle's father or my father's uncle?".

Other Words Edit

We will write the words as how they are normally spelled if spelled in English (That means, they are not written is the Vigia syllabary and have no tones added). Words in parenthesis are shorter versions of words but informal. Some words is now written in the Si᷈sātsá Syllabary.


No. English Vigia
1IжễᶋἎҵ
2you (singular)жGΨ
3heжϢЙ
4weжЊЙ
5you (plural)ж׆Ψ
6theyжЊҊΨ
7thisжҬxἎϫ
8thatжễʒ׆Ἆϫ
9heremacia
10therebadia
11whojiena
12whatjonme
13wherejucio
14whenjekacio
15howjojyama
16nothanya
17allmal
18manymallal
19somehanmallal
20fewhannomallal
21otheruretilyal
22onepukiere
23twozheiere
24threeproire
25fourpukiproire
26fivezheproire
27bigmallaljya
28longmaljyako
29widemaljyawa
30thickmaljyawanga
31heavymaljyamuo
32smallhanmaljya
33shorthanmaljyako
34narrowhanmaljyawa
35thinhanmaljyawanga
36womanhangyonia
37man (adult male)gyonia
38man (human being)nonia
39childpenyania
40wifemauhangyonia
41husbandmaugyonia
42motherpemauhangyona
43fatherpemaugyona
44animalhanonia
45fishchanonia
46birdplihanonia
47doghanononiacie
48lousehamanohanonia
49snakehanononiatroke
50wormhanmaljyanononiatroke
51treedakrama
52forestmallakrama
53stickhanmaljyakma
54fruitdakramahoria
55seedpedakramahoria
56leaflunadakrama
57rootmallanmaljyakma
58barkdakma
59flowermariodakrama
60grasshanmaljyadakrama
61ropehonotamonana
62skinorota
63meathanorota
64bloodlakwahanorota
65bonehanonorota
66fathanorotana
67eggpechane
68hornelepungyunamama
69tailhanmaljyakmanononiacie
70featherlunadakraplihanonia
71hairhamanona
72headkronananonia (krona)
73earkronananoniahanyocio (kronahanyo)
74eyekronananoniaswacia (kronaswa)
75nosekronananoniasmangawacia (kronasmangawa)
76mouthkronananoniaeationgawacia (krontiongawa)
77toothkronananoniaeationgawacianonorota (krontiongawarota)
78tonguekronananoniaeationgawaciatastongawacia (krontiowatongacia)
79fingernailhanonorotarakacia
80foothanharakacia
81leghanharakacialjyakanonorota
82kneehanharakacialjyako
83handharakacia
84wingharakakaplihanocia
85bellyomaukanonia
86gutsomaucianonia
87neckkronananonianmaljyakma
88backhanmakanonia
89breastzheiemaukanonianmaljya
90heartkronaniakwahanota
91liverkronaniakwahanotaucianonia
92drinkakimakaikoraga
93eatnamamakaikoraga
94bitenamakaikoragationgawacianota
95sucknamakaikoanamakoragongata (kaianamakorata)
96spithanamakaikoanamakoragongata (hakaianamakorata)
97vomitmallaljyanamakaikoanamakoragongata (mayakaiamakorata)
98blowhanpumongawana
99breathepumongawana
100laughwumakama
101seesweinga
102hearharonga
103knowngangawawa
104thinkorangangawawa
105smellomomoama
106fearlagrongasta
107sleepslawta
108livetaipungga
109diehantaipungga
110killhantaipunggangama
111fightjyakawawayanonia
112huntjyakawawaya
113hithanmaljyakawawayanonia
114cutorotanmaljyakawawayanonia
115splitmarongayaorotanmaljyakawawayanonia (mayaljyakania)
116stabhantaipunggangaljyakawawayanonia
117scratchhanmaljyatanmaljyakawawayanonia
118digjakaryata
119swimchangka
120flyplihangka
121walknoniangka
122comecharcianoniangka
123liehanorangangawawa
124sittankayau
125standhantankayau
126turnhantankayaugagaya
127fallgapitrotakro
128givegabavahafa
129holdhangabavahafa
130squeezesichankhangabavahafa
131rubricanvakes
132washbavahafa
133wipebavahafanvakes
134pullholala
135pushholala
136throwmalyaholala
137tietakavangafa
138sewwawatakavangafa
139counterengkava
140say
141sing
142play
143float
144flow
145freeze
146swell
147sunnecai
148moonmocai
149starvonecai
150water
151rain
152river
153lake
154sea
155salt
156stone
157sand
158dust
159earth
160cloud
161fog
162sky
163wind
164snow
165ice
166smoke
167fire
168ash
169burn
170roadlocen
171mountainmogyum
172red
173green
174yellow
175white
176black
177night
178day
179year
180warm
181cold
182full
183new
184old
185good
186bad
187rotten
188dirty
189straight
190round
191sharp
192dull
193smooth
194wet
195dry
196correct
197near
198far
199right
200left
201at
202in
203with
204and
205if
206because
207name

Example textEdit

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