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Virž

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Virž
Viržura
Type
Agglutinating
Alignment
Nominative
Head direction
Mixed
Tonal
No
Declensions
Yes
Conjugations
Yes
Genders
no
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect



General informationEdit

Virž encompasses a family of languages which are some of the most spoken on the planet Halonia . It has a unique background in comparison to natural human languages, in that it was developed initially by artificially intelligent robots to orally communicate digitized information to humans, and to an extent represents the continuing power struggle between the aureli (AI) and humans in Viržuran societies. 

It boasts several features unfound or uncommon in human languages, such as a peculiar methods for forming adjective-like constructs

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Labio-dental Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Palatal Velar Uvular Glottal
Nasal m ḿ n ń q q́
Plosive p b t d k g
Fricative ϼ ƀ f v þ ð s z š ž ȟ x h
Affricate ƾ ᵹ c j
Approximant y w
Trill r
Flap or tap ŕ
Lateral l ĺ

Accute accents indicate syllabic phonemes. Note that above is the romanized orthography for Virž, and does not always match up to the IPA, but all symbols are placed correctly - e.g. "q" is the velar nasal, not a uvular stop. 

VowelsEdit

Front Near-front Central Near-back Back
High i ü u
Near-close ï ø
Close-mid e
Mid ë o
Open-mid
Near-open a
Open å

AlphabetEdit

Virz alphabet

The Virž alphabet

Virž is written with a phonemic, semi-featural cursive alphabet that might be considered somewhat reminiscent of Arabic script. As most letterforms have distinct initial and medial versions, most Virž script is written without any need for spaces between words, although they are often added after letters with only one form, such as /f/.

The featural portion of the alphabet is in the use of dots to convey voicing (on obstruents) or syllabic variants (on liquids). On vowels it can be used to indicate nasality (in foreign language depictions, as Virž has no phonemic nasal vowels).

There are several letters in the Virž script that are generally only used in loanwords, as they are not natively phonemic sounds, including schwa and the diphthongs.

PhonotacticsEdit

 While syllabic liquids are generally pronounced identically in all parts of a word, and can be combined with vowels or even diphthongs to make very long syllables, when they are ultimately word-final and follow a vowel they are pronounced as a short onset followed by a schwa:

  • bŕaz /bəɹaz/ 'awaken'
  • måuńdø /maʊəndœ/ 'herb'
  • kurŕ /kurəɹ/ 'bear'
  • hïmĺ /hɪməl/ 'bravery' 
  • parfïń /parfɪnə/ 'target'

GrammarEdit

Gender Cases Numbers Tenses Persons Moods Voices Aspects
Verb No No No No No No No No
Nouns No No No No No No No No
Adjectives No No No No No No No No
Numbers No No No No No No No No
Participles No No No No No No No No
Adverb No No No No No No No No
Pronouns No No No No No No No No
Adpositions No No No No No No No No
Article No No No No No No No No
Particle No No No No No No No No


VocabularyEdit


No. English Virž
1Ie
2you (singular)o
3hedët
4weedli
5you (plural)odli
6theydëtli
7thisigo
8thatage
9heretald
10thereürït
11whomalš
12whatgøl
13wheregamm
14whenhüšt
15howpiët
16notkor
17allsët
18manyïgåli
19someol
20feweb
21otherhrese
22oneƀi
23twodür
24three
25fourmax
26fiveyek
27bigïzbrohll
28longïzbrëpsaf
29wideïzbrasfe
30thickïzbrawordo
31heavynoåkhsurd
32smallïzbrolïj
33shortïzbŕkup
34narrowïzbŕþep
35thinïzbŕcü
36womankånrå
37man (adult male)kångå
38man (human being)
39childbïdinyu
40wifeakceŕe
41husbandakcerge
42mothersadørø, kårå
43fathersadøgø, sërïk
44animalbans
45fishpaiyelen
46birdfsel
47doggoro
48lousejagark
49snakerøsϼŕ
50wormmizƀråd
51treeamorcud
52forestdetamørk
53stickmafe
54fruitpemble
55seedzênët
56leafvenørlëf
57rootbiȟidël
58barkmašra
59floweremiro
60grasssëf
61ropeþegla
62skinbihramët
63meatmürëlt
64bloodcukŕ
65boneos
66fat
67eggpuadrø
68hornklapo
69tailraguð
70featherdait
71hairlëkse
72headbralød
73earusu
74eyelait
75noseøli
76mouthroëlm
77toothwaïr
78tonguerojur
79fingernailpunda
80footmaš
81legheburïd
82kneegep
83handblehra
84wingϼüskri
85bellyondom
86gutsƀestrël
87necktepĺ
88backrozku
89breastelånd
90hearttiem
91livergonžï
92drinkcaitĺe
93eatmežëk
94bitekon
95suckþaþëk
96spitmenþe
97vomitnëžnëk
98blowkatum
99breathehåulir
100laughkhartha
101seeƀer
102hearåudo
103knowvifråundëk
104thinkgreŕi
105smellsnël
106fearwŕo
107sleepbråvør
108liveƀemal
109dieeoržo
110killϼülturëk
111fightfimås
112huntpajëk
113hitkoþëk
114cutevfël
115splitcam
116stabyiharn
117scratchhïsńëk
118digðoloëk
119swimgŕgŕëk
120fly
121walkkalƾët
122comepaðŕnak
123liekoldihrëk
124sitemålruid
125standëzgeher
126turnron
127fallshoƀëk
128giveƾerdlëk
129holdtën
130squeezeimïcø
131rubvir
132washšenzil
133wipehezgrå
134pullpluran
135pushlogwax
136throwᵹulün
137tieȟleḿ
138sew
139count
140say
141sing
142play
143float
144flow
145freeze
146swell
147sun
148moon
149star
150water
151rain
152river
153lake
154sea
155salt
156stone
157sand
158dust
159earth
160cloud
161fog
162sky
163wind
164snow
165ice
166smoke
167fire
168ash
169burn
170road
171mountain
172red
173green
174yellow
175white
176black
177night
178day
179year
180warm
181cold
182full
183new
184old
185good
186bad
187rotten
188dirty
189straight
190round
191sharp
192dull
193smooth
194wet
195dry
196correct
197near
198far
199right
200left
201at
202in
203with
204and
205if
206because
207name

Example textEdit

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