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Vorlin/Lexicon

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abbreviations
parts of the speech
ajadjective
avadverb
cjconjunctions
copcopula
demdemostrative
ijinterjection
nnoun
infix
numnumeral
pclparticle
pfxprefix
pnpronoun
prppreposition
sfxsuffix
vverb
languages and etymologies
Chinese
CroatCroatian
DDutch
EEnglish
E-oEsperanto
FrFrench
GGerman
GkGreek
ISVInternational Scientific Vocabulary
ItItalian
JJapanese
LLatin
OEOld English
OHGOlg High German
OVOld Vorlin (1991-1993)
PtProtuguese
RusRussian
SpSpanish
SwSweddish
a.p.a priori
<derived from

common nounsEdit

aEdit

rootgramar
category
etimmeaning
asfx [adjectival; denotes ordinal when attached to a numeral]
ajsfx [denotes a concrete manifestation or a single iteration of X]
*aknfx[sudden/brief + intensive/notewothy aspect]
aksnfx [converts a transitive verb to a causative verb]
*axsfxE-o: -aĉ- < It[pejorative/humble]

bEdit

rootgramar
category
etimmeaning
babn gate (a door installed in a fence or roofless enclosure)
bacn bacterium
bacaaj bacterial
badn.tr{D,G,Sw}bathing (immersing X in liquid to cleanse/change it)
badovt bathe
baknumCantonesehundred [V95: hun]
*baknE: bake, G: backenbaking
*bako bake
balnE, G, D: ballball (spheroid plaything)
balonn balloon
bamn bomb (explosive weapon)
bannG: Bahn, Norsk: baneroute, course, track, way (path)
banann banana
barnG: Bart, It, Sp: barbabeard [V95: ceg]
basnD: baas, E: bosschief (boss), leader, foreman
batn west (the western area or direction)
*batnEbat (ball-hitting tool), stick (hockey), racket (tennis)
bazn base (in chemistry), alkalai
bazarnUkrainian, many othersbazaar, open outdoor market
baµnCball-hitting tool (e.g. baseball bat; hockey stick)
*bepcl [specialized usage flag, v.g.: be lanor means pitcher (in a baseball game)]
bebn the letter b/B
bekn bench (a long board-like seat for several persons)
belnIt: bellobeauty
bennSw: ben, D: beenbone
bern.tr carrying (supporting and transporting something)
berovt carry
besnEstation, stopping-point, node, base (in baseball)
besboln baseball (the play-system, not the spheroidal plaything)
betonn concrete (usually portland cement plus sand and gravel)
bevn.trPt: beber, E: beverageimbibing (any liquid)
bevovt drink
*bicopEbe (copula; does not mean "exist")
bidn.trOE: bidan, E: bidewaiting (for someone/something)
bidovt wait for, await
bilnSw, Norskautomobile, car
bilarnum billion (in American Eng.); milliard (British Eng.)
bimnMidE: beem board, plank, beam (piece of lumber)
birnE, G, Indobeer
biµnCarmy
bodn bottom (the lowest side or portion of something)
bogn bow (for archery/violin)
boln system of competitive athletic activity involving a ball
bomnG: Baum, D: boomtree
*bonnL: bonitasgoodness, niceness, desirability, pleasantness [nowaday: gut]
*bonaaj good
*boneav well
bornNorskdrilling, boring into something
*botnLojban: botpibotlle, flask
boteln bottle, flask
bovnE-o: bovo, E: bovinecattle, cow or bull
bucnFr: bouchemouth
bucaaj oral
bugn.trOE: buganbending something
buknSw, Norsk: bok; G: Buchbook
buln combustion, burning
bulivi burn [intransitive]
buliksovt burn (cause to burn)
bunnJ: bun, bubun; Chi: bupart, portion
burnSanskrit: purim, L: urbscity
buraaj urban
burbasn mayor
butikn store (for shopping in), shop, boutique

cEdit

rootgramar
category
etimmeaning
*cademFr: chaqueevery, each
cadn.tr adding, addition
cagnG: Schlagblow (impact), stroke (of force), shock
cannChi: shan mountain
ceavcontraction of 'cine'now, presently
*cepcl [causee tag (used in conjunction with -ok- causatives), nowaday re]
cedn shadow
cefnFr: chefchiefness (most-important-ness), primacy
cefburn capital
cefeav primarily, mainly
*cegnNorsk: skjegg, Old Norse: skeggbeard [nowaday: bar]
ceknFrcheque (bank-draft)
celnEshell (natural hard outer covering)
cennChi: shen1-ti3body
cenaaj physical (as opposed to mental), bodily
cepn beginning, commencement, inception [intransitive]
cevnFr: chevalhorse
ciknLojban: ciknaawakeness
cikaaj awake
cikivn be awake
cikiksovt wake someone up
cikepivn wake up (become awake)
cimnJ: shimaisland
cinnChi: jin1present (the present time)
*cipnEsheep
cirn circle
civnNorsk: skivedisk, disc
co- ** RESERVED FOR SPECIAL PURPOSES **
cucn the letter c/C
cudnD: schuddenshaking, shuddering [intransitive]
cuknOV Chi: qiu1autumn, fall (the season)
cukaaj autumnal
culnNorsk: skyld, D: schuld, Sp: culpabilitadguilt
cumn communication
cupnOVexcellence, superlative condition

dEdit

rootgramar
category
etimmeaning
da da [relative clause terminator]
dadnD: daad, G: Tatact / action, deed, feat
dagntagdaytime (dawn to dusk)
dagaaj diurnal
daknD: dak, G: Dach, Sw: takroof
dalnD: dal, G: Talvalley
dann group (several items having a unifying relationship)
*dancjChi: dan4but, however
das das [nominalized phrase terminator]
datn information, data
de prcontraction of desufrom (= desu)
debn debt
debov owe
dedn the letter d/D
deknumGk: dekaten, 10
deln.tr assignment / assigning (tasks/blame)
demnGk: demospeople (a folk), public, populace
denn lightning
densonn thunder
dernTurkish: deri, E: epidermisskin
desn.trL: de, exleaving, departure from ...
deso leave (go away from), depart
desuprp from
desitn source (place from which something departs)
devn.trPt: devershould-ness (advisability of action)
devovt should, ought to
*dipn it
difn.tr difference (differing from, being different than)
difeavOVdifferently
diknD, Ice, Gthickness (dimension rather than density)
dilnTurkishtongue (does not mean "language")
*dinnG: Dingthing [nowaday: diµ]
ditnIt: ditodigit (finger/thumb/toe, does not mean "numeral")
diµnGthing (any tangible/physical object/substance)
doknspeedwordsdocument
dolnOVpain
dorn.trD: doorpermeating, going throughout X
dorov permeate (a space), last (occupy the entire time-span of ...)
doruprp throughout (permeating the entirety of ...)
dubn.trL: dubium, E: dubiousdoubting
ducnFr: douche, G: Duscheshower
dukn.trL: ducere, E: conduct, inductguidance, leading
dulpr done to (points out "patient" of verb; opposite of 'par')
dumn.tr thinking about X, or having the thought specified as 'ke X'
dunnDthinness, slenderness
*dunnCantonese: dungeast / the East [nowaday: duµ]
dupnEduplication
dupajn copy (a copy of something)
dupon.tr duplicate, make copies of X
durnE: endure, durationcontinuation [intransitive]
dusnumL: duo, Sp: dos, Fr: deux, E: deucetwo, 2
duskereav twice
dutnRus: dut'blowing (sending forth a current of gas) [V95 xiduto: suck]
duµn east (the eastern area/direction)

eEdit

rootgramar
category
etimmeaning
esfxOV < E-o[suffix converts noun to adverb]
*elsfx tool, implement (any kind of tool/device)
epnfx [commencative/inchoative aspect]
eses [possessive particle]
*etsfx[diminutive/attenuative aspect]
*evnfx [perfective aspect]
*ezsfx [honorific/exaltative]

fEdit

rootgramar
category
etimmeaning
facnL: facies, E: face, facialface (front of head including eyes, nose, and mouth)
*fagnISV: -phage, e.g. bacteriophageeating, ingestion
fajn.tr eating, ingestion
faknGcompartment, pigeonhole, locker, cell (of prison), etc
faln downward motion (resulting from gravity)
falivi fall, descend
familnG: Familie, Sp: familiafamily
*fannNorsk: fange, G: fangencapture
*fanov catch (capture)
farn.trG: fahrenriding (sitting on/in X while it transports one)
farov ride (to sit in/on X and move from place to place)
fatikn physical sensation of weariness, tiredness, fatigue
fazn stage or step (in a multi-step cyclical process), phase
faµn.trGcapturing, catching
feav¿contraction of? futewill (in the future)
febernNorsk:feber, E: febrifugefever
feknE: fecalfeces, dung, manure, poop, crap, ordure
feln field (unbroken expanse / area where effect is present)
femn/pfx female
fembovn cow
femsibn sister
fennL: ventus, Chi: fengwind
fernL: ferrum, E: ferrousiron
fesnL: festivusfestivity, party (celebration)
fetnG: Fettfat, lard, blubber
ficnE fish
fidn.tr trusting
fikn.tr copulation, having sexual intercourse with X
filn.trE:-philialiking (deriving pleasure from), enjoyment of...
finnSp, Fr: finending, finish, conclusion[intransitive]
fioij "disregard my previous sentence; I meant to say/write:"
firnumDan: fire, G: vierfour, 4
fisnGlosa: fisicrack, fissure
fobn.trGk: phob-, E: phobiafear, being afraid of X
folnG: vollfullness, being totally filled
fomn shape, form (contours and proportions)
forprV98before (prior to), earlier than
*fornL: formoform, shape
fosnL: fossiodigging
fotn foot (on end of leg)
*fotnG: Fotophotograph
*foteln camera
fratitle Ms., Miss, Mrs.
fufn the letter f/F
fugn.tr exiting, going out of (after being in)
fuguprpOE: fugel, Dan: fugl, E: fowlout of
fuln bird (vertebrate egg-laying animal with wings)
fumnRomaniansmoke
*funnNovial: fundebottom
futn future (that which happens after X moment), post-
futaajfuture, pending, subsequent
futeav will will (in the future), shall (will do/happen/be) [fute gives fe]
futuprp after (in the future of ...)

gEdit

rootgramar
category
etimmeaning
*gabnG: Gabelungforking, bifurcation
*gabeln fork
galn.tr equalling, being equivalent in value or significance to X
*galpcl [direct object tag; used when required by unusual syntax]
galovt equal (be equivalent to)
gamav to the same degree
gannBengalisong, singing
ganiv sing
gasnG, E, It: gasgas (shapeless fluid tending to expand indefinitely)
gavann harbor, port, haven
ge prChi: gei3[beneficiary / dative / indir.obj. tag]
gegn the letter g/G
gelnG: gelb, D: geel, It: gialloyellow color
gemnEgame (a rule-governed amusement)
*gennE: generate, genesiscreating / creation, making
gevn.tr giving (causing X to have Y)
gignumISV: gigabillion (10^9)
gilnKorean: gilstreet, road
*ginnE: green, G: grünyellow color
gisn.trDguess, conjecture
gocnFr: gaucheleft-hand side or direction
gonnE: -gon in polygon, hexagon etc angle, corner
gornE, G: Gold + Sp, It: oro, Fr: orgold (the metal)
govn government
gumnCroat, Czech: guma, G: Gummirubber
gurnOV Chi: gu3grain(s), cereal crops
gutn goodness (a vague term of pleasantness or desirability)

hEdit

rootgramar
category
etimmeaning
*hacnPersian: hasht, J: hachieight, 8 [nowaday: hog]
*hagnGk: hagios, E: hagi-, hagiologysacredness, sanctity
hagaaj holy
*haknD: haak, G: Hakenhook
hajn existence
hakn.tr creating, creation (causing X to exist)
halnE: in-/ex-hale, L: halarebreath, respiration
hann/pfx a male individual of any species [V95 vir]
hansibn brother
harnAfrikaans, Dutch, German: haarhair
hasn.trG: Hasshatred
hasovt hate, loathe
hatn.trOVpossession (legal ownership)
*hatnTurkishline, mark
havn.tr having, being furnished with
hecn the letter e/E
hedern ivy
hefnG: Hefeyeast
heln.trE: help, G: helfenassistance, helping
hemnum half
*hemnE: hemo-, Gk: haimo-blood
hertitle Mister, Mr., sir
hetnGk: heterosother one, another
hezn pause, hesitation (temporary suspension of action)
*hipcl less (lesser degree/smaller amount)
hibn.trL: inhibereinhibition, holding back
hibov restrain, constrain, inhibit
hibern winter (coldest season)
*hinpcl*hi<=, merely, no more than, ... and previous
hisn.tr perception, detecting via physical sensation
hitnEheat (hotness)
hoij oh! (denotes any sudden feeling)
*hopcl more (greater degree/larger amount)
hobn cessation, stopping [intransitive]
hocn the letter o/O
hofn.trG: Hoffnunghope
hognum eight
hokn highness (as opposed to lowness), ¿height?
holnGk: holoswholeness, completeness
holen entirely
homnE-o: homoperson, human being [archaic; changed to 'jin']
hornSp: hora, E: horologyhour (1/24 of a day)
hovn firm removable protective artificial cover
*hoznHosepants, trousers, slacks
hukn squatting (body position)
hulnDan: hul, Norsk: hullhole
*hunnumE: hundred, G: hundert, Norsk: hundrehundred, 100 [nowaday: bak]
husnSw, Dan: hushouse (a man-made dwelling-structure)
hutannIndoforest, woods
huzn the letter h/H
hxcn the letter x/X

iEdit

rootgramar
category
etimmeaning
isfx [intransitive verb indicator]
istsfxV92professional/habitual do-er, -ist
itsfx that which is -ed [passive participle - substantive]
itasfx -ed [passive participle - adjectival]
itesfx -edly [passive participle - adverbial]
iz sfx [attenuative aspect; indicates low density / low intensity]
izasfx [allomorph of 'iz']

jEdit

rootgramar
category
etimmeaning
jejn the letter j/J
jinnJperson, human being (any member of "mankind")

kEdit

rootgramar
category
etimmeaning
kabarnIndonews, reports of recent events
kabeln cable (many wires bundled together)
kacn.trFr: cacherconcealment
kacovt hide, conceal
kadnum four
kaknPhrygian: kakoun, Gk: kakosevil-doing, immorality, sin
kalnSw: kall, Ice: kaldurcold
kamarnIndoroom (portion of a building)
kaminnCroat, Rusfireplace, hearth
kanpfx [indicates polar opposite of tagged item]
kanaln canal, channel
kapnIt: capo, G: Kopf, E: capitalhead
kaphovn helmet
katnE: cat, G: Katzecat (Felis catus)
kavnCroat, Czech: kavacoffee
kazn.tr causing, inducing or forcing X to happen
kazitn result (thing which is brought about; that which is caused)
kazovt cause, make happen, bring about
kazupr resulting in, so that, having the result that...
keke [nominalized phrase initiator]
kecnum some (any unspecified greater-than-zero quantity)
kedn.tr believing, belief
kedovt believe ('ke X' is true/false)
kekij [taboo curse word], heck!, darn it!, shucks!
kemikn chemical (an artificially isolated substance)
kenn knowing (being able to recall and use certain information)
kenovt know
kepn.tr competition
kepovt compete against, vie with
kern iteration, instance, time(s)
kibunnJfeeling, mood
kinnE: kineticmotion (*not* travel from place to place)
kirn.trE: acquireacquisition, getting, obtaining
kisn.trEkissing
kokn.trD: kokencooking / cookery (preparing food using heat)
koln cabbage
komn.tr arrival, coming to (travel toward a given location)
komitn destination (that which one arrives at)
komupr to (arriving at)
kornL: cor, E: coronaryheart (blood-pumping muscle)
ksosfx [converts an intransitive verb to a causative verb]
kupn he/she, him/her [third person sentient]
kubn cube
kucnFr: coucher, E-o: kushireclining
kudn.trOE: cuth, OHG: kundbeing familiar / acquainted with X
kuhaln alcohol
kujnV95 Nostratic: kujnadog
kukn the letter k/K
kulernFr: cuiller, Pt: colherspoon
kunn.tr ability (to perform a task), capacity (for doing X)
kunovt can (is able to)
kurn medicine (the art of maintaining + restoring good health)
kuspopn his/her

lEdit

rootgramar
category
etimmeaning
labnSp: labio, It: labbro, E: labiallip
labaaj labial
lacn the letter a/A
ladnRusharmony, accord
lafna.p.liquid
lagn layer
lahovopcl¿from loha?hello! (initiates a conversation or letter)
lakn lake
lalij [means "I scoff at the foolishness which I am witnessing"]
lamn paralysis
lasn.trG: zulassenpermission, authorization
lasovt let, permit, allow
latnE: lateral, L: latusside, flank
lavn.trSp, Pt: lavarwashing, lavation
lele [foreign term flag]
lecnG: Laechelnsmile
legn.tr reading
leknG: Elektrizitatelectricity
lekrifn e-mail message
leln the letter l/L
lernG: leeremptiness, vacancy
lesav less (in a smaller quantity or degree)
letnNorsk: lettcondition of being easy, not difficult
letaaj easy
levnE: elevate, E-o: leviupward motion
levivn rise
libn.tr love, affection (familial/romantic)
libovt love
licn the letter i/I
lifn leaf (of a plant)
lign lying (body position), reclining
likn.trAtakapa: lik-mashing / crushing, smashing (flattening)
limnum five
linnLincos: linlanguage (a culture's communications protocol)
lipnE: leapleap/leaping
liternISVliter (unit of volume), litre
liµn bell
lobn.trG: Lob, lobenpraise, compliments
lohavopclHawaiian: alohagoodbye
lojnRus: lozh', Croat: ležlie, falsehood, deceit
lokn.tr location, the act of being in a certain place
lokovt be located in the same place as
lokupr at (in the same place as)
lomnCroat: lom, Rus: lomat'breakage, fracture
lonnE: long, G: langlength (linear; not temporal)
lopnD: loopenrunning, rapid locomotion
lornE: lorescience/scientific study, -ology, -istics
losnNorsk: låslock (device which secures doors etc.)
lucn the letter u/U
ludnL: ludusplaying, recreation, amusement
lufnG, D: Luftair
luknD: luk, Norsk: lykke, G: Glückhappiness
lumnL: lumenlight (visible energy), illumination
lunnL, Sp, It: luna; E: lunarmoon
lunatn lunar month, lunation
luµnChidragon

mEdit

rootgramar
category
etimmeaning
mnum [contraction of "men" used in informal situations]
masfpcl [interrogative sentence marker]
madnSp, It: madre, Czech: matka, Sw: modermother
magn magnetism
majnFr: imageimage, picture, illustration
makn power, strength
maln badness (a vague term of unpleasantness or undesirability)
mamn breast (mound of flesh culminating in a teat), mammary
manpn [null pronoun; to indicate a quasi-passive]
mapnE: map; Sp, Port, Polish, Czech: mapamap, chart, diagram
marn ocean, sea, marine area
matn eye
medn accompaniment, togetherness
medeav together
medovt accompany (be with)
medupr with (accompanying)
megapfx 1000000 times the indicated unit of measurement
mejprRus: mezhdubetween, among, inter-
mekn machine (assemblage of parts designed to transmit motion or energy)
melnOVhoney
melannGk: melaniink
memn memory (recollection/ remembrance/ remembering)
mennum more than one; two or more
menkupn they, them
menkuspopn their
mentipn you [plural]
mentispopn your [plural]
menyapn we, us
menyaspopn our
meravmore(a greater quantity or higher degree)
mesnGk: mesos, E: meso-middle, center
metn.trL: metirimeasurement
metalnG: Metallmetal
meternISVmeter (unit of length), metre
micn.trG: mischenmixture, blend
micovt mix
mihonnJ sample, specimen, random or representative example
mikannJmandarin orange, tangerine (Citrus reticulata)
mikropfxISV1) too small to see, 2) divided by one million
milonnum million (1,000,000)
mimn.tr imitation, mimicry, emulation
mimovt imitate
minutn minute (1/60 of hour; 1/60 of degree)
mirn ant (insect of family Formicidae)
mispfx/n error, incorrectness, mis-, mal-
mitn.trL: mittere, E: transmittransmission, causing to go
mitovt send
mobnIt: mobilia(a piece of) furniture
sedmobn chair
modnOV Lmethod, way, manner of doing
mohannJmodel to be emulated, exaemplary example
molnIt: mollesoftness (malleability / yieldfulness)
molekulnIndo molecule
momn the letter m/M
monatnG month (civil/arbitrary as opposed to lunar)
mornL: mors, Fr: mort, E: mortalitydeath (dead state)
mucnJ: mushi, Czech: hmyzinsect
munnSp: mundoworld
murnD: muur, Dan, Fr: mur; E: muralwall
musnNorskmouse
mutnG: Mut, D: moedcourage, bravery
muziknGmusic (artificial pleasant sounds; an art-form)

nEdit

rootgramar
category
etimmeaning
namn name
*namnJ: nami, E: tsunamiwave
*namfarov surf
narn the letter n/N
naspcl [converts common noun to proper noun]
natnInterglossa: nato, E: natalbirth
navnIt: naveship
ndnfx [active participle]
nemodal don't! [negative imperative]
nedn.tr being lower than X
nedupr below, beneath, under
nejnFr: neigesnow
nekn.tr denial, negation
nenn.tr being located inside of X
nenupr inside, within (located inside of)
nern.tr being close to X, proximity
nerupr near
netn net, screen, mesh, web
nevnum nine
nezn.tr admiration
nezovt admire
nikn practitioner, professional do-er
niln blueness, blue color
nobnPapiamentu: nobonewness
nobaaj new
nocn night
nojnRus, Croatknife
noknNorsk: nøkkelkey (for use with lock)
noln.tr [no English equivalent]
nolovt [no English equivalent]
nomnum zero, no (not any), none
nonav/pfx not; non-, un-
nornFr, It, Sw: nord, E: northnorth (northern area/direction)
notn.trG: Not(wendingkeit)need(ing)
notovt need, require
nubnSp, It: nube, L: nubescloud
nudn nakedness, nudity
nugnOVenough-ness, sufficiency
nugaaj sufficient
nukn nucleus
numern numeral, digit (written symbol representing quantity)
nurnE, ISV: neuro-nerve(-cell)
nuraaj neural
nusnG: Nussnut (seed with hard removable shell)
nuµn agriculture

oEdit

rootgramar
category
etimmeaning
osfx [transitive verb indicator]
obsfx [cessative aspect]
ozsfx [intensive aspect; indicates high density / intensity]
ozasfx [allomorph of 'iz']

pEdit

rootgramar
category
etimmeaning
padnAfrikaansroad
pagn.trSp: pagopayment
pajn.trCroat: pažnjaattention
pajovt pay attention to
paknD: pak, E: packpackage, packet, parcel
palnKorean: p'alarm (shoulder to wrist)
pannOV Sp,Frbread
papaln butterfly
papernG: Papier; Czech, Croat: papirpaper
parpr done by (points out the agent of the verb's action)
pasn the past
patnSp, It: padrefather
pataaj paternal
patatn potato
paznSppeace, tranquility
paµn Voryera unit of weight equal to 80 kilograms
peav did [past tense indicator]
pednE: pedi- pedo- e.g. pediatricchild
pegnSp: pegarattachment
pegovt attach, affix
peknL: pectus, Sp: pecho, E: pectoralchest (of body)
peln.tr pushing (pressing on and causing a thing to move)
pemn pressure
perpfx [creates fractions]
persannum a third
perdeknum one tenth
petnGreek: petrarock, stone
peznIt, Pt: peso, E-o: pezoweight
pezijaj light-weight
pezojaj heavy
pinn.tra.p.comparison
pinovt compare
pinupr than, compared to
pipern black pepper (of genus Piper; not Capsicum)
pirn fire (combustion manifested in light and heat)
pisnE: piss, D: pisurine
pivnOVan individual (as opposed to society or some group)
piznum pi (3.14159...)
pocnOVpolitics
pocaaj political
podnISV: -pod, E: podiatryfoot (on which something stands)
podhovn shoe
pognD: pogen, Croat: pokušajattempt, trying to do X
pogovt try
pokalnSw, Gtrophy, cup (as in "World Cup")
pomnKoreanspring (the season)
popnDdoll, effigy
posnAfrikaansmail
posaaj postal
pubernD, L: puberan adolescent, teenager
pudnCzech: pudr, Rus: pudrapowder
pugnL: pugnusfist
punn point (geometry etc.), spot, dot
pupn the letter p/P
purnEpurity (of substance)
putnSp: putrefacciondecay, rot, putrefaction
puµn decimal point

rEdit

rootgramar
category
etimmeaning
rabnRusslave
racn arrangement
radnG: Radwheel
ragnBengalianger
ragovt be angry at
rajnHindi: raj, Bengali: rajamonarch
raknNorskstraightness (of line), directness
ramnG: Rahmen, Rus: rama, Czech: ramframe
rannCroat: ran, Rus: ranoearliness
rasnSw, Drace, breed, ethnic group
ratnL: ratioreason(ing), rational thought
ravnCroat: ravan, Rus: rovnayflatness, levelness
raµn the letter µ
repr [causee tag]
recn right, right-hand side or direction, starboard
rednCroat: red, Rus: ryadrow, series, line (of objects), queue
reknE: corRECt, G: korREKtcorrectness (accuracy/propriety)
reln relation(ship) (a quality that connects >=2 things)
remnNorsk, Croatstrap (restraining band of material)
rennAfrikaans: reenrain
reppfx/n repeating/a repetition, re-
repeav again
rern the letter r/R
revnFr: rêvedream
rezn.tr "resultancy" [this Vorlin noun has no English equivalent]
rezovt result from, stem from (be caused by)
rezupr because, because of, resulting from, due to, owing to
ribn.trG: Reibung, D: wrijvenrubbing
ricnOVwealth
ridn laughter, laughing
rifn letter (sent in mail to someone)
riln reality, actuality
rilaaj real
ripn.trOEreaping, harvest
ripovt reap, harvest
risnRus, Sw, Dan: risrice
ritn.tr writing (drawing glyphs that represent data X)
ritovt write
rivernE: river, Fr: riviereriver
rodn red color
rodaaj red
romann novel (long work of written fiction)
rotnLturning (rotating/ revolving/ pivoting)
rotivn turn
ruknD: rug, G: Rueckenback (rear part), dorsal area
runnE: runecharacter (written), letter (of alphabet), glyph
runsetn alphabet (or syllabary) of a language

sEdit

rootgramar
category
etimmeaning
sabunnCroat: sapun, Turkish: sabunsoap
saknEsack, bag
salnL, Sp, Pt: salsalt
samdem the same one
samovt be the same individual as...
sannum three
sarn art (skillful production of esthetically pleasing things)
sarannPalirefuge, sanctuary
secjItif, in the event that..., on condition that...
sednE: sedentarysitting (being seated)
sedivn sit
sejnsecircumstance, situation, case (set of conditions)
sekn.trL: secare, Interglossa: sectocutting
senn.trL: sine, Pt: semlack (state of not having X)
senovt lack
senupr without, lacking, not having
sern series of things, sequence
setn/sfxE: setset (complete set/supply/array of similar items)
sibn sibling (one having the same mother and/or father)
sigpn self, auto-, [reflexive pronoun]
sikn color
simn.tr resemblence, similarity to X
simupr like
sinnOVmuscle, sinew
sinozaaj muscular
sirnCroat: sir, Czech: syr, Rus: sarcheese
sisn system
socn society
socaaj social (pertaining to society)
sofnGkwisdom ["sof" meant "sleep" in V1999]
sofaaj wise
sokn sock (soft foot-garment), stocking
soln state of being "the sole" or "the only" X; singularity
soleav only (exclusively)
somn sleep
somivn sleep
sonnL: sonus, E: sonicsound
sopnIndonesian: sop, Sp, Pt: sopasoup
susn the letter s/S
suµn Voryera unit of length equal to 175 centimeters

tEdit

rootgramar
category
etimmeaning
tabuln table (of data, not a table with legs)
tacnG: Taschepocket
tagnG: Tag, Sw: dagday (24-hour period)
taknNorsk: takke = thankgratitude, thankfulness
talnD: taal, Norsk: talespeech, talking
tamnSp: tambor, Hindi: tamtamdrum, percussion instrument
tandem this, these
tarn delay/ing, postponing, retarding
tasnTurkish: tas, G: Tassecup
taznum thousand
tescjOVthen (at that time / in that case)
tefn.tr pertaining to X, being about X, being on the topic of X
tefupr about (pertaining to; does not mean "approximate")
teknGk: technologiatechnology
telnGk: teledistance (as opposed to nearness), farness
*temnL: tempus, Pt: tempotime, occasion [nowaday: zit]
*temeav times, -fold [nowaday: ker]
*temurn time (the abstract phenomenon; *temur lopi ~= "time flies")
*temfagor chronofage
tennChi: tiansky, heaven(s), firmament
tepn rug, carpet, tapestry, any large piece of area-covering fabric
ternL: terraearth (as opposed to sea or sky/heaven), land
ti pnyou (singular)
tidnNorskperiod of time, interval, duration
tifnG: Tiefedepth
tifizaj shallow
tifozaj deep
tikn.tr penetration
timnE: teamteam, crew (group of beings sharing work)
tindem that, those
tipnRuskind, type, sort (of ...)
tirn lower animal, beast (any animal other than humans)
tirann tyrant, dictator
tispopn your (singular)
titulnCzechtitle (name-like reference to book/song/etc.)
toknCroat, Czech, Ruscurrent, flow, stream(ing)
tomn.trSp, Pt: tomartaking (rapid/complete/violent acquisition)
tomatnD: tomaattomato
tonn tone (the pitch and timbre of a sound)
topnE, D: top, Norsk: topptop, summit, peak
tornum six
tubnIt: tubopipe, tube
tucn.trsaid in fencing: "touche!"contact, touching
tucovt touch
tucuvt on (touching)
tugn.trCroat: tugasorrow, grief
tugovt grieve about, feel sad about
tuknG: Tucha cloth (handy bit of fabric), rag, towel, napkin
tuln.trOV L: ultraexceeding
tulovt exceed, go beyond
tuluvt beyond
tundem yonder, that one over there
turnCroatrump, buttocks, arse/ass
tusnL: tussis, E: tussivecough(ing)
tutn the letter t/T

uEdit

rootgramar
category
etimmeaning
usfx [forms a preposition]
ucsfx [moderative aspect; having typical amount/number/quantity]

vEdit

rootgramar
category
etimmeaning
vagnL: vagari, E: vagabondwandering (aimless travel)
vagivn drift, roam, wander
vajnRus: vazhnostimportance
vanna.p.water
vapnOVweapon
vasnL: vas, Lojban: vasrucontainer, vessel
vatnTurkish: vaatvow, oath, promise
vegn plant (vegetable organism)
vennDan: ven, Norsk: venn, Sw: vänfriend
vernL: veritas, Sp: verdadero, E: veritytruth, honesty
vevn the letter v/V
vezn star (a point of light in the sky)
vezaaj stellar
vidn.trL: videresight, vision, seeing
vidovt see
viknSw: vikbay (an offset body of water)
viln.tr wanting, desire
vilovt want
vinn wine
*virn/pfxE: virile, E-o: viromale
virbovn bull
vitnOHG: hwizwhiteness, white color
vivn living (engaging in biological processes)
vodn word
vognFr, Itvogue, fad, trendy behavior, fashion
voknL: voxvoice
vokalnG, Croatvowel
vonnG: wohnenresiding/residence, dwelling
vorn compromise between technical and aesthetic criteria
vu- ** DO NOT CREATE MORPHEMES BEGINNING WITH vu- **

wEdit

rootgramar
category
etimmeaning
wanpr and ["wan" can only combine nouns]
warnChi: hua1, E: floWERflower, blossom
watnE, Frwatt (unit of power measurement)
waµscj and-then [joins 2 sentences, indicates 2nd happens after 1st]
we we [separates surname and given name]
welwel [relative clause initiator]
wu n the letter w/W
wuhuij yahoo!, yippee!, hooray!, hoorah!, yay!

*xEdit

rootgramar
category
etimmeaning
xi

yEdit

rootgramar
category
etimmeaning
ya pn I, me
yacnTurkish: yashage (duration of existence)
yagn.trG: jagenhunting
yaknG: Jackejacket (lightweight coat-like garment)
yaln.tra.p.failure to do X / falling short of target X
yann member (of organization/group/set), citizen (of country)
yarnG: Jahr, D: jaaryear
yaspopn my
yernBasque: herri = people, landnation, country (state)
yin the letter y/Y
yovopcl hey, oh ..., yo [vocative particle]
yugnL: iugulum, E: jugularthroat
yuknG: juckenitching sensation
yunnumE: unity, unit, unite, unifyone, 1
yuwemnum one and a half, 1.5

zEdit

rootgramar
category
etimmeaning
zadnD: zaadseed
zaknDaffair, matter, concern, thing (intangible/abstract)
zannTang-era Chinesemeditation
zatn.trG: ersetzen, Ersatzreplacing, substitution
zatupr instead of, rather than
zepr [specifier flag / apposition preventer]
zednE: cede, E-o: cedisurrender, submission
zegn segment (a major and self-evident subdivision), section
zeln.trE: sellsale, vending
zevnTurkish: zevkpleasure (good sensations)
zezn the letter z/Z
zibnum seven
ziknG: Siegvictory, winning
zilnE: zeal, Gk: ziloszeal, ardour, enthusiasm
zimnOV-ism, ideology, belief system
zinnG: Sinn, D: zinmeaning, sense (of a word etc)
zitn time (the continuum / abstract phenomenon)
zomern summer (hottest season)
zonnG: Sonne, D: zonsun
zonaaj solar
zorn.trG: Sorge, D: zorgcare, concern, solicitude
zorovt care about the well-being of X
zovn.trRus, Croatcall(ing), sound/signal to attract attention
zubonnJpants, trousers, slacks
zudnG: Süd, D: zuidensouth (southern area / direction)
zukn.trD: zoeken, G: suchensearch(ing for ...), seeking
zukernG: Zuckersugar
zurn acid
zuzn buzzing sound
µij well, hmm, um, er

proper nounsEdit

proper nouns
rootgramar
category
etimmeaning
Afrikprop Africa
FiratpropTurkishEuphrates River
Juµprop Chinese culture/ethnicity (note: difficult to define)
Nihonprop Japan
Romprop Rome (the city or the ancient empire)
Rusprop Russian ethnicity/culture
Uropprop Europe
Venusprop Venus (planet/goddess)
Vorlinpropcompound by roots
vor and lin
Vorlin
Yovisprop Jupiter (planet/god)
Yuwesprop United States of America

morphemes below need to be replaced or approvedEdit

rootgramar
category
etimmeaning
camdem every, each
matennHaitian Creolemorning (dawn to noon)
motorn motor
polisn police
ramennCzech: rameno, Croat: rameshoulder
zahidnIndohermit
zavodnRus, Croatfactory, works (as in "waterworks")
odsfx [augmentative]

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