Test language, with the purpose of testing specific and uncommon speech form.
Pronunciation (in IPA)
Each noun begins with a fix structure as follows:
Consonant(s) + vowel + eventual mark of the genitive, the active, the ablative or the inessive + rest of the word.*
The mark of the genitive is -e, that of the active is -i, that of the ablative is -a, and that of the inessive is -u. When one of these marks comes next to the same vowel ("ee", "ii", "aa", "uu"), the entire vowel sound gets modified into respectively /œ/, /ijœ/, /ɔ:/ and /u/. Example: "dalk" = /dalk/, "daalk" = /dɔ:lk/.
Ablative and inessive are to consider opposite of eachother: ablative expresses the provenance or the fact of being outside (of something), while inessive expresses the fact of being inside of something.
The plural is obtained by adding -i at the very end of the word.
*With the end of the word not being -ak, -ad, -ar, -av, -as, -al.
The demonstrative pronoun is "a" before his noun. Example: a tannk = the thought.
The usual form of a personal pronoun is a characteristic letter + a. However, when adjoined to a noun ending with a consonant, it gets automatically inverted to permit pronunciation. The -a can be omitted in the case of a noun already ending with -a.
|Nominative personal particle||Personal suffix|
Possessive pronouns are the same as personal pronouns, but suffixed to inactive nouns. As example, tainnkak = I think, tannkak = my thought.
Verbs do not exist.
Nouns and optionally particles (prefixes etc.) are used to express actions instead of verbs. Nouns that are used as normal nouns are considered in the inactive form. Futhermore, an active form of the same noun can exist and reflects the action of which the noun is an object. Example:
|Active noun||Translation||Inactive noun||Translation|
|tainnk||to think||tannk||a thought|
|veind||to speak||vend||speech (fr. parole)|
|dailk||to spell||dalk||a letter|
|draim||to dream||dram||a dream|
|vaika||to be||vaka||the existence|
|ø||ø||nag||a man (human being)|
As you can see, an active noun comes down to the same as a verb, so "verbs do not exist." is more joke than real fact because verbs "exist" in the way that they are used as active nouns. However, even if "tainnkak" is translated as "I think" in English, it originally means "thought-me".
- "A taurd a dreepak, a vaka naegadi dram"
= "In the time of my death, the existence of your men is a dream."