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Weckish

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Progress 66%
Weckish
Weckisk
Type
Fusional
Alignment
Nominative-Accusative
Head direction
Tonal
No
Declensions
Yes
Conjugations
Yes
Genders
2
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect



General informationEdit

Weckish is a language spoken in Scandanavia. It is an Ingvaeonic language related to Anglo-Saxon. The language is influenced by Northern Germanic languages.

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Labio-dental Dental Alveolar Retroflex Palatal Velar Labio-velar Glottal
Nasal m n n. (ng)
Plosive p b t d t. d. k g
Fricative f v th (dh) s (s.) h (h,)
Approximant r j w
Lateral app. l l.

[dh] is an allophone of /th/ before rounded vowels as well as /w/.

Retroflex consonants are always before a rounded vowel as well as /w/.

[s.] is an allophone of /s/ before or against a retroflex consonant.

[ng] is an allophone of /n/ & /m/ before velar plosives.

[h,] is an allphone of /h/ before stressed vowels.

VowelsEdit

Front Front Back Back
Rounded Unrounded Rounded Unrounded
Close y i u
Mid e o
Open ae oh a

DiphthongsEdit

short
rounded rounded ow ohw

rounded unrounded

ohj
unrounded unrounded ej

Stressed vowels are always nasalized

AlphabetEdit

m ng m

n    n. ng

n
p p
b b
t      t. t
d     d. d
k g
f f
v v
th dh th
s    s. s
h    h, h
r r
j j
w w
l      l. l
y ii
i i
u u
e e
o o
ae ae
a    oh a
ow ou
ohw au
ohj ai
ej ei

"a" is pronounced /a/ in open syllables and /oh/ in close syllables.

Normally, "th" is written with the letter Thorn.

Normally, "ii" is written as an I with an umlaut.

Normally, "ae" is written with the letter Ash.

PhonotacticsEdit

GrammarEdit

Gender Cases Numbers Tenses Persons Moods Voices Aspects
Verb No No No Yes Yes Yes No No
Nouns Yes Yes Yes No No No No No
Adjectives Yes Yes Yes No No No No No
Numbers No Yes No No No No No No
Participles No No No No No No No No
Adverb No No No No No No No No
Pronouns Yes Yes Yes No Yes No No No
Adpositions No No No No No No No No
Article Yes Yes Yes No No No No No
Particle No No No No No No No No

NounsEdit

Weckish is particularly unique amonst European languages in having an animate / inanimate distinction rather than a masculine / feminine one. Apparently the inanimate evolved from from neuter & animate evolved avolved from masculine, words onced classed feminine are now classed animate.

Nouns also have a definitve suffix -t that comes after the following declensions. In spelling, final double consonants are replaced with just the one consonant followed by t.

Strong Nouns

Aniname Singular

Animate Plural Inanimate Singular Inanimate Plural
Nominative -a -ar -o
Accusative -a -ar -o
Genitive -ess -a -ess -a
Dative -i -iim -i -iim

Week Nouns

Animate Singular Animate Plural Inanimate Singular Inanimate Plural
Nominative -an -an -i -an
Accusative -an -an -i -an
Genitive -an -en -an -na
Dative -an -iim -an -iim

AdjectivesEdit

Adjectives lose their weak/strong forms and only have one declension. Comparitives & Superlatives are unique to Weckish in how they aure used.

Animate Singular Animate Plural Inanimate Singular Inanimate Plural
Nominative -a -i -o
Nominative Comparitive -ra -ri -iir -or
Nominative Superlative -ast -ist -sut -ost
Accusative -en -ei -o
Accusative Comparitive -ren -rei -iir -or
Accusative Superlative -enst -eist -sut -ost
Genitive -ess -ar -ess -ar
Genitive Comparitive -ress -ara -ress -ara
Genitive Superlative -est -rast -est -rast
Dative -iim -iim -iim -iim
Dative Comparitive -riim -riim -riim -riim
Dative Superlative -iist -iist -iist -iist

DemonstrativesEdit

Demonstratives have more regular plural forms.

This Animate Singular Animate Plural Inanimate Singular Inanimate Plural
Nominative thess thiss then thin
Accusative thins thiss thinen thin
Genitive thisses thisses thissen thissen
Dative thissiim thissiim thissiin thissiin
That Animate Singular Animate Plural Inanimate Singular Inanimate Plural
Nominative si thaet sin thaeten
Accusative thun thaet thunen thaeten
Genitive thaes thaes thaen thaen
Dative theim theim thein thein

PronounsEdit

Weckish has adapted an inclusive/eclusive distinction. Apparently, it evolved from a first person dual form as it is similar to the first person dual forms in Anglo-Saxon. Perhaps it evolved into a "paucal" form but was later used asan first person inclusive & given plural forms.

A masculine & Feminine 2nd person singular forms exist. When they are used, It's used to give demands or it's used to express hate to another person. Because of this most people avoid using them as it tends have strong sexist overtones.

For possessive forms, speakers incert the suffix -et to a personal pronoun

Personal Pronouns Nominative Accusative Genitive Dative

1st Person Exclusive Singular

ick mick min mei
1st Person Exclusive Plural wei uss or uss
1st Person Inclusive Dual wit unk unkar unk
1st Person Inclusive Plural witen unken unkaren unken
2nd Person Singular thu thick thin thei
2rd Person Plural he aevick aevar aeve
3rd Person Animate Singular hen hin hess hom
3rd Person Animate Plural hei hei hjera him
3rd Person Inanimate Singular het het hess hi
3rd Person Inanimate Plural thau thau theira thim
2nd Person Singular Masculine hau hja hera hiri
2nd Person Singular Feminine hau hjo hjora hem

AdpositionsEdit

Unlike Anglo-Saxon, Weckish uses prepositions & not postpositions.

after, along, through, during aiftar
before air
at, to ait
against ant
along anlank
after, behind baift
by, near to, about, beside bei
before beforn
beyond behaent
behind behint
in, within bein
beneath benaeth
among, amid betwaen
above buf
out of, without but
with, in addition to jack
before for
from, about, of fram
among hemank
through, throughout, over, in haent
on, onto, to in
in, into, within, from within inna
with mit
near nja
except nef
of ock
above, over, on ofar
on, in, at on
about ombut
upon, on onup
upto, unto oth
with, at samot
to, at to
in addition to touck
before tofor
towards tohiken
in the midst of, amidst tomiden
toward tweirt
through thur
above, besides, around ufen
under undar
underneath undarnaeth
outside of, without utan
against, opposite to with
against withar
within within
before withfor
without withot
about, around, concerning iimput

VerbsEdit

Weckish is unusual among European languages in that verbs don't conjugate for Person nor Number

Regular Weak Verbs Class I Strong Verbs Class II Strong Verbs       Class III (A)Strong Verbs    Class III (B) Strong Verbs      Class III (C) Strong Verbs    Class III (D) Strong Verbs    Class III (E) Strong Verbs    Class IV Strong Verbs      Class V Strong Verbs   Class VI Stong Verbs   Class VII Strong Verbs      
Stem N / A -i- -ae-        -u- -e- -aer- -el- -je- -in- -ar-       -al- -e- -a- -o-         -a-          -ja-        -an-       -ai-
Infinitive -an -i-/-an -ae-/-an -u-/-an -e-/-an -aer-/-an -el-/-an -je-/-an -in-/-an -ar-/-an -al-/-an -e-/-an -a-/-an -o-/-an   -a-/-an   -ja-/-an  -an-/-an -ai-/-an
Present Indicative -ath -i-/-ath -ae-/-ath  -u-/-ath -e-/-ath -aer-/-ath -el-/-ath -je-/-ath -in-/-ath -ar-/-ath -al-/-ath -e-/-ath -a-/-ath -o-/-ath  -a-/-ath  -ja-/-ath -an-/-ath -ai-/-an
Past Indicative -on -a-/-on -ja-/-on -ja-/-on -jar-/-on -jal-/-on -ja-/-on -an-/-on -ai-/-on -ai-/-on -o-/-on -e-/-on   -ae-/-on
Present Subjunctive -i- -ae-       -u- -e- -aer- -el- -je- -in- -ar-       -al- -e- -a- -o-         -a-         -ja-        -an-       -ai-
Past Subjunctive -t -a- -ja- -ja- -jar- -jal- -ja- -an- -ai- -ai- -o- -e-         -ae-
Imperative -ath -i-/-ath -ae-/-ath -u-/-ath -e-/-ath -aer-/-ath -el-/-ath -je-/-ath -in-/-ath -ar-/-ath -al-/-ath -e-/-ath -a-/-ath -o-/-ath   -a-/-ath  -ja-/-ath -an-/-ath -ai-/-ath
Present Participle -ent -i-/-ent -ae-/-ent -u-/-ent -e-/-ent -aer-/-ent -el-/-ent -je-/-ent -in-/-ent -ar-/-ent -al-/-ent -e-/-ent -a-/-ent -o-/-ent  -a-/-ent  -ja-/-ent -an-/-ent -ai-/-ath
Past Participle -et -i- -o- -o- -o- -o- -o- -u- -o- -e- -a- -o-         -a-         -ja-        -an-       -ai-
Preterite Present to know to be able, can to be obligated, must to own to avail to dare to remember to need to be allowed, may to grant, to allow, to wish have use of, to enjoy
Similar English Words can, could may, might shall, should owe, aught dow, dight dure, dare imune, mune thurf, tharf mote, must ann, ould inow, inight, now, night
Infinitive cunan magan sculan agan dugan duran hemun thurfan motan unan benuck
Present Indicative cunon magon sculon agon dugon duron munon thurfon moton unon henuck
Past Indicative cuthon mjoton scaeldon aton doton dorskon mundon thorfton moskon uthon benoton
Present Subjunctive cun maick scul ack duck dur mun thurf motath un henuck
Past Subjunctive cuth mait scaelt at dot dorsk munt thurf most uth benot
Anomalous Verbs Do Go Want
Infinitive don han wiln
Present Indicative doth hath wilth
Past Indicative diit aet wolt
Present Subjunctive do ha will
Past Subjunctive diidi aedi woldi
Present Participle dont hant wilnt
Past Participle hedon hegan hewiln
To Be sindom
Infinitive sindon
Present Indicative sint
Past Indicative wairn
Present Subjunctive sjen
Past Subjunctive wairn
Imperative wess
Present Participle sindont
Past Participle hesint

SyntaxEdit

The default word order is verb-second, much like other Germanic languages. However, subordinate clauses tend to be verb final

The word "the" when used before a demonstrative pronoun turns it into an interogative pronoun.

Word ComparisonEdit

English Anglo Saxon Weckish Old Frisian Old Norse Engalandoco Contean Germandic Olkeric Old Tero Konan Appalaechian Bielgeved Ahadian

Niomarkese (Native)

Meyew Proto Germanic
one an ane en einn on en endze in enta dzhan anat enasa aina uyeln *ainaz
two twa twa twe tveir tawa ti twe tejr tewera swei twa tuwa tweji tehey *twa
three thri thri thre thrir tariyo jei drei thir tarigira rei triet firisa triyu zeguy *thrijiz
four feower fjorer fiuwer fjorir fora firi vire fir firara for fievoret fidosa fyuri shag *fidworiz
five fif fif fif fimm fiva fofo vampe fim fem fim femfi fimafi fimu shalsh *fimfi
six sex sex sex sex sicasa sese sexe siks sekes sek ses sehasa seksu tefen *sehs
seven seofon sjaven sigun sjau sevena sepen sevende saw sigi sau sieffeng sibona syuna tacel *sibun
eight eahta atta achta atta egata kata ache atta oti atta hietto ahatu atto elem *ahto
nine nigon nion nigun niu nina nen nejunde nu nigi un nueng niwona niyu luyel *niwun
ten tien tion tian tiu tena ten tinde tu tigi dzhu tieng tehuna tehun yul *tehun



Example textEdit

NOTE: Grammar may be butchered.


A little while leaves are green, then they go yellow, fall to earth and die, turn to dust.

Ljaffan sint greno liitlo whilan, thona thau han fjalevjo, fjalan in aerthan ant forwaernjan, waerthan to dustan.

Leaves are green (for a) little while, then they go yellow, fall to earth and die, whither to dust.


All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.

Jallan sint heboran ainticko ant faigarness mit manhotan ant rictan. Hei wairn blisjent mit rictithinkent ant angjetan ant sculan don tohiken jallan mit hastan hiretess.

Everyone is born free and equal with dignity and rights. they are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards eveyone with (a) spirit (of) brotherhood.


Hen lickath flankeickan, ick lickath Flandre.

She likes flancakes, I like Flandre.

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