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| Name: []
Number of genders:
There are two vowel phonemes, /e/ and /o/, with many allophones.
Words are formed out of three-consonant roots, by inserting vowels and adding suffixes. Nouns (in their basic form) have the shape CeCeC (stress on the first syllable). Verbs, in their basic form, have the form CeCoV (stess on second/final syllable.) To this, various endings are attached to show various grammatical relations. Nouns are declined for case and number.
CéCeC - nouns, singular
CóCeC - nouns, plural
CeCóC - verbs
CeCé'eC - verbs, antipassive form
CeCéC - gerunds
There are two kinds of nouns, those who are formed out basic nominal roots, and those who are derived from verbs (gerunds). Pure nominal stems are stressed on the first syllable, gerunds on the second. Gerunds lack plural forms.
Meken [m'ækɪn] - 'man', absolutive
Mekenez [m'ækənɛz] ergative, instrumentaal
Mekenem [m'ækənem] dative
Mekenet [m'ækənet] allative
Mekenej [m'ækəneɪ] locative
Mekenev [m'ækənev] ablative
Mekenex [m'ækənɛx] genitive
Plurals are formed by changing the first vowel.
Meken - 'a man', 'the man'
Moken [m'okɪn] or [m'okɘn]- 'men', 'the men'
There is not marking of definiteness. It must be inferred from the context.
Verbs must agree with the absolutive argument.
Semor - 'to think' (intransitive)
Semoren - I think
Semorer - you think
Semoret - (s)he thinks
Semoro'on - we think
Semoro'or - you (pl.) think
Semoro'ot - they think
Serof - 'to read' (transitive)
Mekenez met'er serofen - 'The man reads the page'.
Mekenez mot'er serofo'en - 'The man reads the pages'.
There is an antipassive form of the verbs:
Meken sere'efen met'erem - 'The man is about to read the page'.
When using the antipassive form, the subject or agent take the absolutive (unmarked) case ('meken', the man), and the object or patient take the dative case (met'erem, 'to the pages')
There is no inflection for tense or aspect. It must be marked with adverbs or other independent words, or indicated by context.