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Xanian

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Xanian
Вакә Жакюмәрӣ
Vâka Xâkömarī
Type
Agglutinative
Alignment
Nominative–accusative
Head direction
Initial
Tonal
No
Declensions
Yes
Conjugations
Yes
Genders
3
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect


Xanian (Вакә Жакюмәрӣ, Vâka Xâkömarī, /vɐka ʒɐkɵmaɹɪ/) is the language of the Xanian people, the native inhabitants of Zhakar. It is the official language of the Xanian Empire, with more than two billion known speakers.

GrammarEdit

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Labioden. Dental Alveolar Postalv. Palatal Velar Glottal
Nasal m (m) n (n)
Plosive t (t) d (d) k (k)
Fricative v (v) θ (th) ð (th) s (s) z (z) ʒ (x) ʃ (š) h (h)
Affricate t͡ʃ (ch) d͡ʒ (j)
Approximant ɹ (r) j (y)

VowelsEdit

Front Near-front Central Back
Close i (i) u (u)
Near-close ɪ: (ī)
Close-mid ɵ (ö)
Mid e (e) o (o)
Near-open ɐ (â)
Open a (a)

PhonotacticsEdit

SyllablesEdit

Phonological Constraints
(C) V C (V) (C)

StressEdit

Xanian is a highly stressed language, with emphasize on the first or second syllables of a short word, or first and middle syllables of a longer word, typically regarded as the norm. The stress on words with Xanian is often considered similar to the stressing of words in the English and Latin, though Xanian words will have diacritic marks to indicate when stress on a particular syllable is required, much as with the accents in Latin and Romance languages. With regards to rhythm, Xanian is a stress-timed language, with stressed and unstressed syllables carrying equal weight in a word though the stressed portion may be shorter than the unstressed portion in letter length, but longer when voiced.

CombinatoricsEdit

  1. /z/ never comes before another stop consonant
  2. /j/ can never be placed next to another consonant
  3. /r/, /n/, /s/ and /k/ are the only consonants allowed next to one another
  4. /s/ may only come after /r/ and before /h/ at all times if placed next to one another
  5. In words with two or more /a/ vowels, stress is always placed on the second /a/
  6. Stress is placed on the first /a/ if another vowel precedes it, or if /ʒ/ or /v/ directly precedes /a/
  7. /n/, /k/, and /r/ are the only consonants permitted to end a word

Violation of these rules are only rarely permitted, but avoided if at all possible.

MorphosyntaxEdit

CaseEdit

There are five cases in the Xanian language:

  1. Nominative
  2. Accusative
  3. Genitive
  4. Ablative
  5. Dative

NounsEdit

Cases
Phoneme ↓ Nominative Accusative Genitive Ablative Dative
-n -n (s) / -nī (p) -n (s) / -nī (p) -no (s) / -nokī (p) -nu (s) / -nurī (p) -na (s) / -nânī (p)
-r -r (s) / -rī (p) -r (s) / -rī (p) -ro (s) / -rokī (p) -ru (s) / -runī (p) -ra (s) / -rânī (p)
-k -k (s) / -kī (p) -k (s) / -kī (p) -ko (s) / -konī (p) -ku (s) / -kurī (p) -ka (s) / -kânī (p)

NumbersEdit

ArticlesEdit

Articles denoting definiteness and indefiniteness are both attached to their respective words as prefixes, seperated from the word by a dash.

Articles
a an and the if of by
de- dī- dīr- jan- te- to- ko-

TenseEdit

VocabularyEdit

Writing systemEdit

The Xanian alphabet consists of 22 alphabets divided into seven vowels and fifteen consonants, with stressed letters appearing with diacritics.

Xanian alphabet
Ә ә А а Д д Е е Х х И и Ӣ ӣ Ђ ђ К к М м Н н
[a] [ɐ] [d] [e] [h] [aɪ] [ɪ] [dʒ] [k] [m] [n]
О о Ю ю Р р С с Ш ш Т т У у В в Ж ж Я я З з
[o] [ɵ] [ɹ] [s] [ʃ] [t] [u] [v] [ʒ] [j] [z]

LexiconEdit

Example textEdit

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