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Xheng

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Xheng
Xi Dài
Type Analytic
Alignment Nominative-Accusative
Head direction Final
Tonal Yes
Declensions No
Conjugations Yes
Genders none
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect
Meta-information
Progress 0%
Statistics
Nouns 0%
Verbs 0%
Adjectives 0%
Syntax 0%
Words of 1500
Creator [[User:|]]

      Xheng ( /ʃeiŋ/ ) or Xi Dài ( /çi dai/ ) is the official language of the Lû Ço ( /lu coʊ/ ) capital state of the Empire of Xho ( /tʃoʊ/ ) and most surrounding states. It is really a language family, with a dialect contiuum stretching across the empire. This article is about the standard capital dialect.

Classification and DialectsEdit

The main dialects are Daam ( /dæm/ ), Tsêu ( /tsə/ ), and Tha Qìan ( /tʰa tʃian/ ).

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Labio-dental Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Retroflex Palatal Velar Glottal
Nasal m n ŋ
Plosive p b t̪ d̪ ʈ ɖ c ɟ k g ʔ
Fricative ɸ β s z ʃ ʒ ʂ ʐ ç ʝ h
Approximant j
Flap or tap ɾ
Lateral fric. ɬ ɮ
Lateral app. l
Phoneme Grapheme
/n̪/ n
/ŋ/ ng
/t̪/ t
/d̪/ d
/ʈ/ ţ
/ɖ/
/c/ ç
/ɟ/ ğ
/ʔ/
/ɸ/ f
/β/ v
/ʃ/ ś
/ʒ/ ź
/ʂ/ š
/ʐ/ ž
/ç/ x
/ʝ/ j
/j/ y
/ɾ/ r
/ɬ/ lh
/ɮ/ ļh
/tʃ/ q

VowelsEdit

Front Near-front Central Near-back Back
Close i ɯ
Near-close ɪ ʊ
Close-mid e o
Mid ə
Near-open æ
Open a ɒ
Phoneme Grapheme
/ɯ/ u
/ɪ/ ii
/ə/ eu
/æ/ aa
/ɒ/ eo
/oʊ/ ou

PhonotacticsEdit

  • "n" at the end of a syllable/word is pronounced as the dental nasal, and is pronounced as the alveolar nasal in all other contexts
  • The only consonants that can end a syllable/word are /m/, /n̪/, /ŋ/, /l/, and /ʔ/.

AllophonyEdit

  • "h" after a vowel elongates it
  • "h" after an unvoiced consonant aspirates it

TonesEdit

    There are 5 tones in Xheng: 

  • a, i, u, e, o, eu, eo, aa, ou, and ii are all in the default tone; they start at regular pitch and don't change. Dan = man
  • â, î, û, ê, ô, êu, êo, âa, ôu, and îi are all in the high tone; they start slightly higher in pitch and don't change. Dân = if
  • ă, ĭ, ŭ, ĕ, ŏ, ĕu, ĕo, ăa, ŏu, and ĭi are all in the low tone; they start slightly lower in pitch and don't change. Dăn = conquer
  • à, ì, ù, è, ò, èu, èo, àa, òu, and ìi are all in the descending tone; they start slightly higher in pitch and get lower. Dàn = why
  • á, í, ú, é, ó, éu, éo, áa, óu, and íi are all in the ascending tone; they start slightly lower in pitch, and get higher. Dán = time

StressEdit

    Stress is very different from english. As a mostly monosyllabic language, stress is constant ans equal in every word.

Writing SystemEdit

Letter
Sound
Letter
Sound
Letter
Sound

GrammarEdit

NounsEdit

VerbsEdit

SyntaxEdit

LexiconEdit

Example textEdit

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