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Xivonaki

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Xivonaki
Xivonaki (Vaka script)
Type
Synthetic
Alignment
Nominative–accusative
Head direction
Initial
Tonal
No
Declensions
Yes
Conjugations
Yes
Genders
3
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect



BackgroundEdit

Xivonaki is a synthetic created around 107 BC by the inhabitants of Ixania as a form of unified communication before their bloody 700-year war known as the Seven Centuries' War. It was originially intended to included bits of the two groups Celtic and Hausa languages, but grew to became a very unique form of speech. Emphasizes on the sounds created by x, v, a, z, n, and i became the basis of the language, and from these letters (with the exception of v and z), the name "Ixania" originated.

Xivonaki was enforced as the new language of the two kingdoms on the main island of Ixania under pain of death. The inhabitants quickly picked up the language, though there were many issues speaking it as few knew how to work the speech (largely on the Hausa side), though fear of torture moved many to learn it out of purely self-preservation. The language managed to remain unified with little variation in speech patterns throughout the Seven Centuries' War, and even managed to grow and spread new words that one side of the island had not known.

Given the Ixanians hostile and sadistic nature, and the ban on Ixanian citizens travelling to other countries, the language is rarely found outside of Ixania, with the rare exception of lingustics hired by national governments seeking to translate the language for spying purposes do to lack of exposure to it. The Ixanian language is spoken by some 152 million people worldwide, most of these speakers originating from the home islands.

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Labiodental Alveolar Postalveolar Retroflex Velar Uvular
Stop p t k q
Nasal m n
Fricative v s
Affricate t͡ʃ
Approximant ɹ ɻ ʁ̞

VowelsEdit

Front Central Back
Close /iæ/ /u/
Close-mid /ɵ/
Mid /e/ /o/
Near-open /æ/
Open /ɑ/
Front Central Back
High /i/ /u/
Mid /e/ /ɵ/ /o/
Low /æ/ /ɑ/



AllophonyEdit

DiphthongsEdit

Xivonaki allows for the combination of two vowels of differing sounds, albeit to a limited degree. As a result of this rule, Xivonaki has extrodinarily few diphithongs compared to other languages, with only four of which are legally allowed in line with the rules on vowels in the language.

Xivonaki Diphthongs
ai io ia au

AlphabetEdit

The modern Xivonaki alphabet contains 16 letters. Since Xivonaki can be written in the Latin alphabet, it contains uppercase and lowercase letters. When writting Xivonaki calligraphy, there is no distinction between the two cases.

Xivonaki Alphabet
A C E H I K M N O R S U V X Y Z
a c e h i k m n o r s u v x y z

PhonotacticsEdit

Xivonaki syllables are structured as follows:

General Syllable Structure
C V (C) V
or
V C (V) (C)

In Xivonaki, a word must begin with either a vowel and a consonant, or a consonant and a vowel. It is illegal for a word in Xivonaki to begin with two of the same vowels anywhere in a word, either at the beginning, middle, or the end. Two vowels of differing sounds may border each other in the same word, but they themselves must bordered by at least one consonent. Stand-alone vowels bordering each other are illegal unless they are different from each other or single. Two consonants, however, may border each anywhere in a word with the execption of the beginning, where the same vowel-consonant/consonant-vowel rule remains the same. Most Xivonaki words typically follow the (C)+(V)+(C)/(V)+(C)+(V) structure, as is evidenced by many of the words seen in the language.

Another fact is that most Xivonaki words end with a vowel bordered by a preceding consonant, or a consonant bordered by a preceding vowel. Nowhere is it allowed for a vowel to end a word by itself without being bordered by a different vowel, as aforementioned, though a consonant may do use when bordered by a preceding consonant, albeit rarely so. The best example to explain this rule is with the word Mississippi, which would be considered a legal word in Xivonaki. It follows the rule of consonant+vowel+consonant+optional consonant in Xivonaki.

SyllablesEdit

Xivonaki only allows for short words of three or four syllables max for common words, and five to six for longer ones. The largest words are typically between seven and eight syllables in total. Such words like these are uncommon, and often found only in the names of Ixanian citizens and the imperial names of the Ixanian tazens. The emphasis on short words comes from the need to quickly communicate ideas and thoughts, a product of the numerous wars of its speakers.

StressEdit

Stress in Xivonaki is absolutely regular, with stress falling on the last syllable in word regardless of syllable weight. This comes a result of the relative lack of Ixanian words surpassing three syllables in length. In most cases, stress is not required in a word with a single syllable, such as the words xi and ix.

GrammarEdit

Gender Cases Numbers Tenses Persons Moods Voices Aspects
Verb Yes No Yes No No No No No
Nouns Yes No Yes No No No No No
Adjectives No No No No No No No No
Numbers Yes No Yes No Yes No No No
Participles No No No No No No No No
Adverb No No No No No No No No
Pronouns No No No No No No No No
Adpositions No No No No No No No No
Article No No No No No No No No
Particle No No No No No No No No


VocabularyEdit


No. English
1I
2you (singular)
3he
4we
5you (plural)
6they
7this
8that
9here
10there
11who
12what
13where
14when
15how
16not
17all
18many
19some
20few
21other
22one
23two
24three
25four
26five
27big
28long
29wide
30thick
31heavy
32small
33short
34narrow
35thin
36woman
37man (adult male)
38man (human being)
39child
40wife
41husband
42mother
43father
44animal
45fish
46bird
47dog
48louse
49snake
50worm
51tree
52forest
53stick
54fruit
55seed
56leaf
57root
58bark
59flower
60grass
61rope
62skin
63meat
64blood
65bone
66fat
67egg
68horn
69tail
70feather
71hair
72head
73ear
74eye
75nose
76mouth
77tooth
78tongue
79fingernail
80foot
81leg
82knee
83hand
84wing
85belly
86guts
87neck
88back
89breast
90heart
91liver
92drink
93eat
94bite
95suck
96spit
97vomit
98blow
99breathe
100laugh
101see
102hear
103know
104think
105smell
106fear
107sleep
108live
109die
110kill
111fight
112hunt
113hit
114cut
115split
116stab
117scratch
118dig
119swim
120fly
121walk
122come
123lie
124sit
125stand
126turn
127fall
128give
129hold
130squeeze
131rub
132wash
133wipe
134pull
135push
136throw
137tie
138sew
139count
140say
141sing
142play
143float
144flow
145freeze
146swell
147sun
148moon
149star
150water
151rain
152river
153lake
154sea
155salt
156stone
157sand
158dust
159earth
160cloud
161fog
162sky
163wind
164snow
165ice
166smoke
167fire
168ash
169burn
170road
171mountain
172red
173green
174yellow
175white
176black
177night
178day
179year
180warm
181cold
182full
183new
184old
185good
186bad
187rotten
188dirty
189straight
190round
191sharp
192dull
193smooth
194wet
195dry
196correct
197near
198far
199right
200left
201at
202in
203with
204and
205if
206because
207name


Example textEdit

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