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Xliú Жmyǜ

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General Information Edit

Xliú Жmyǜ is a conlang based on Chinese.In fact,the creator ,I am a Chinese myself.Because I cannot use English as fluently as Chinese,if you want more details,please go to Conlang Wikia in Chinese.

http://zh.yuyan.wikia.com/wiki/Xli%C3%BA_my%C7%9C

It is a tone language,when you say a word in rising tone and falling tone,it has different meanings.

The writing system of the language can show not only the pronunciation of a word,but also its general meaning.

Writing SystemsEdit

Meaning LettersEdit

NounsEdit

Letter Meaning
孑Σ (about human )
木γ (about plants)
犭β (about animals)
米π (man-made small things)
月ρ (a part of human or animal body)
土Д (places,big constructions)
云Ж (nonobjective)
石α (about nonmetal)
钅Ψ (about metal)
斤Ω (units)

VerbsEdit

Letter Meaning
扌η (shape changes,hand actions)
λ ( displacements,foot actions)
忄Φ (actions about brain,senses or nature)
讠θ ( sending air or waves out)

AdjectivesEdit

Letter Meaning
王Я ( commendatory )
不И ( derogatory )
十Δ ( neutral )

OthersEdit

Other kinds of words do not have meaning letters.

Pronunciation LettersEdit

Letter Pronunciation
b卜 /b/
p白 /pʰ/
m马 /m/
f夫 /f/
d歹 /d/
t牜 /tʰ/
n女 /n/
l力 /l/
g各 /g/
k口 /kʰ/
h合 /h/
j几 /d͡ʑ/
q气 /ʨʰ/
x /ɕ/
z冫 /dz/
c亻 /tsʰ/
s幺 /s̪/
r日 /ɻ/
zh氵 /ɖ͡ʐ/
ch彳 /ʈ͡ʂʰ/
sh纟 /ʂʰ/
w旡 /w/
y衤 /j/
a一 [ä]
o丨 [ʊ̯o̞]
e乚 [ə]
i√ [i̯]

[ɻ̩](after zh、ch、sh) [ɹ̩](after z、c、s)

u丿 [u̯]
ü乀 [y̯]
n](after a e i u ü) [n]
ng[(after a e i o) [ŋ]

When letters are put together,they pronounce the same as that in Chinese Pinyin.

http://www.zdic.net/appendix/f10.htm

In Western writing system,which is based on Latin,Greek and Cyril letters,the tone is shown on the major letter of a word.In Estern writing system,which is based on Chinese characters,the sign 丶 is used to show falling tone,without this,it means the rising tone.

Basic GrammarEdit

NounsEdit

Used as subjects or objects

Pronouns have the same meaning letters as the nouns they refer to.

E.g.Σwò(I,me),βtá(it,refer to an animal)

VerbsEdit

Used alone are before objects or clauses.

"Φwéi" can be used before adjectives.

Modal verbs(E.g.Φknéng<be able to>,θkyì<be allowed to>)are used before other verbs.

Some verbs(E.g.Φxwàng<want>)are not only ordinary verbs but also modal verbs.

AdjectivsEdit

Used before nouns or after "Φwéi"

NumbersEdit

English xliú myǜ
one jià
two ì
three bìng
four díng
five ù
six
seven géng
eight xín
nine rén
ten (jià) chòu
zero
3.14 bìng yòu jià díng
two thirds ì bì bìng
1234567809 jià yóu ì shén bìng wèi díng wú ù sì jì chén géng mòu xín yín rén

Grammar WordsEdit

dEdit

Used after attributives,especially when they are not adjectives.

yjíEdit

Used to link two nouns or adjectives.

mshén Edit

Used as an attributive to form a special question.

shfòu Edit

Used before verbs to form general questions.

shíEdit

Used after adverbial clauses of time.

zcóng,zhdàoEdit

Since,until

bèiEdit

Used before verbs,means "be done"

záiEdit

Used between objects and subjects.

ǘEdit

Used before nouns to form attributives or adverbs.

zhjián,shàng,xià,etc.Edit

Used after "ǘ+nouns" ,mean "in/among/between","on/over/above","under/beneath/below".

lgè,ngè,lduí,nduíEdit

This,that,these,those

Non-grammar WordsEdit

Used before verbs or adjectives.

E.g.tjí(the most),shzhóng(all the time)

Link wordsEdit

Used before compound sentences.

E.g.kdàn(but),zhyín(because)

However,two link words can be used in one sentence.

Sometimes they can be used right before noun phrases.

SentencesEdit

On most occasions,V+O+zái+S.

Adverbial modifiers are used before verbs,attributives are used before nouns.

In clauses,except compound sentences,S+V+O.(Sometimes subjects are not necessary when they're clear)

In poems,subjects,especially "Σwò(I)""Σmwò(We)", are not necessary

Imperative sentences usually begin with verbs without subjects "Σnóng(You,single)","Σmnóng(You,plural)"

"Φwéi+adj.+zái+S+V"means "sb. do sth. ~ly".

Most words have only one forms.

Except some special words E.g.Σnóng(you,single)-Σmnóng(you,plural ),lgè(this)-lduí(these),Σwò(I)-Σwmài(my).

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