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|Nouns decline according to...|
|Verbs conjugate according to...|
A, Ă, AW, B, C, Č, D, Đ (d with strike), E, Ĕ, F, G, Ğ, Ǯ, H, Ħ, I, Ĭ, J, K, L, Ł, M, N, Ñ, Ŋ, O, Ŏ, P, Q, R, Ŕ, S, Š, T, Ŧ, Θ, U, Ŭ, V, W, X, Y, Z, Ž.
Listed phonetically in English spelling- Ah, Ai, Ow, B, K, Ch, D, Dzh, Eh, Weh, F, G, J, Gzh, H, The voiceless velar fricative, Ee, Ih, J, K, L, Wl, M, N, Ny, Ng, Oh, Long O, P, Kw, R, (the t in "water"), S, Sh, T, Ts, The th in "thin", Oo, Uh, V, W, Ks, Y (when written as Y', yuh), Z, Zh.
The letter Ģģ is archaic and represents a uvular click. It is found in the archaic words ģent (island), ģantŭn (flower), and ģŭntŭģ (to bloom). Modern writing replaces ģ with ŋ.
Ơơ is a letter used only in a specific grammatical function- it makes the preceding word accusative. It is pronounced like ŏ.
An apostrophe after a letter, except in the case of y' and k'k, elongates the sound. Thus, ŏ' would represent a double long o sound.
ƀ, used only in the lowercase, represents the intermediate between b and v, the "spanish b". This, however, is only found in specialized words, especially relating to electricity (most notably the loanword ƀŭltŭy' "volt"). When used at the beginning of a sentence, it is proceeded by an apostrophe.
The letter combinations lh, ħt, and ăy have special sounds- roughly "lyuh" (the lli in million), "hht" (almost whistled), and the a in cat, respectively (although ăy is usually found in names only).
The language can be written in katakana as well, although pronounciation is more context-dependent in this case.
Example- イヌナモオ クェウレッハツ ッカツァ'エニェ (Ĭnŭnamŏ qełeħaŧ k'aŧa'eñe, my dog runs to the house)
Grammar is determined by suffixes and prefixes. These are most common on verbs, where there are first, second, and third person suffixes for all three tenses, as well as negatives for these, and an additional present tense for objects and animals acting as the subject of a verb and an indefinite person used to describe something perceivable but unknown to the speaker.
Qełeħanŏ-That over there/Those over there/It runs
Suffixes are attached to nouns and verbs alike to indicate extra meaning. For example:
Mĕyŭŕĭyĭ- he saw, but mĕyŭŕĭyĭañ- he saw me (suffix añ- to me)
Dăxŭn'um ơ săyŭnan- I eat radishes, but Dăxŭn'umi săyŭnažmyŭn- I can't eat without radishes (suffixes i (on object) and myŭn (on subject) combined with the negative- săyŭn(eat)-až(I don't) means "without".) One can also say "Pizani săyŭnanmyŭn", in this case meaning "I eat without pizza". "Pizan'ăm i'myŏ" itself means "without pizzas".
Ŏkŭŋ'nŏği, eđĭ (out of many, one (The expression can only apply to people and uses the word eđĭ, similar in meaning to "oneself" in english but literally meaning "one person")