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yaladic
yaladili
Type
fusional
Alignment
Hierarchical
Head direction
intial
Tonal
No
Declensions
Yes
Conjugations
Yes
Genders
yes
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect



General informationEdit

Yaladic is spoken by the yaladar who populate the areas of the yaladar island, they developed the langauage during their time whilst enslaved by the dwarves. This means that the dwarven tongues were the most influential on it. T

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Dental Post-alveolar Palatal/alveolar palatal Velar Epiglottal Glottal
Nasal m m̥ n n̥ ŋ̊m̥ ŋm
Plosive b p d t c g k
sibiliant fricative z s ʑ ɕ
Fricative  f θ  ɹ̠˔ ç ɣ ʜ h
approximant w ʍ ð ɥ ɰ voiceless
affricative dð tθ dʑ tɕ 2 [gɣ]
Trill 2 [r̥ˡ] rˡ
Lateral fric.  1 [ɬ] 1 [ʎ̝̊]
Lateral app. l ʎ
Lateral flap ɺ ʎ̯
normal

class 1 mutation

masculine pronoun

class 2 mutation

masculine

noun 

class 3 mutation

femine pronoun

class 4 mutation

femine noun

b m v
p mh w
d n dð ð
t nh þ rhl
z zh dzh r rl
s sh tsch jh lh
j l y ll yy
k nk wh xh yh
g ng ȝ x
m v
mh p w
n d dð ð
nh t þ

VowelsEdit

Front Central Back
Near-close ɪ  ʏ ɪ̈ ʊ̈ ɯ u
Close-mid

ø̞

ə

ɵ̞

Mid ɛ œ
əʊ̯ ow
aʊ̯ ou
aɪ̯ ai
eɪ̯ ei
ɔɪ̯ oi
ʊu̯ ao
ɪi̯ ea
ɪə̯ ia
ɛə̯ æ
ʊə̯ ue

AlphabetEdit

m n ŋ̊m̥ b p d t c g k z s ɕ ʑ  f θ ɹ̠˔ ç ɣ ʜ h w ʍ ð ɥ ɰ dð  tθ  tɕ gɣ ˡ rˡ ɬ ʎ̝̊ ʎ ʎ̯ ɺ l ɪ  ʏ ɪ̈  ʊ̈  u ɯ ø̞ ə ɛ œ
m

mh mm

n nh nn nk ng p d t c g k z s sh zh f  þ r jh gh xh x v w ð j wh dð tþ dzh tsh gyh rh rr rl lh yh y yy ly l i ie io ue u ö eo e ee o a œ

PhonotacticsEdit

GrammarEdit

Gender Cases Numbers Tenses Persons Moods Voices Aspects
Verb No No No No No No No No
Nouns No No No No No No No No
Adjectives No No No No No No No No
Numbers No No No No No No No No
Participles No No No No No No No No
Adverb No No No No No No No No
Pronouns No No No No No No No No
Adpositions No No No No No No No No
Article No No No No No No No No
Particle No No No No No No No No

verbs can often become nouns and adjectives by using consonant roots for example all words to do with walk, movement, travel and foward time  uses the root dr so walk (noun) is adar, walk (verb) odor, foward time is (oidar) and travel (noun) is udur and travel (verb) is udor. 

through mutations for example with masculine first person pronouns like "Ao" there is mutation of the verb, so it makes this anhonor ao dan taix I walked to the house

nounsEdit

case suffixes masculine noun femine noun
Nominative  ao ai
accusative axh agh
genitive ar arl
instrumental arh at
benefactive amh ath
comparative aigh oit
abessive oog aak
translative ank ong
 
prefixes North north north west north west west north west west west south west south west south south west south south south east south east east south east east east north east north east north north east
locative ba va wa ga pa fa ma mha  ka ca ja wha ta na nha xa
allative bao vao wao gao pao fao mao mhao kao cao jao whao tao nao nhao xao
illative bui vui wui gui pui fui mui mhui kui cui jui whui tui nui nhui xui
ablative boi voi woi goi poi foi moi mhoi koi coi joi whoi toi noi nhoi xoi
superlative bee vee wee gee pee fee mee mhee kee cee jee whee tee nee nhee xee
sublative be ve we ge pe fe me mhe ke ce je whe te ne nhe xe
subbisive bai vai wai gai pai fai mai mhai kai cai jai whai tai nai nhai xai
supprisive bow vow wow gow pow fow mow mhow kow cow jow whow tow now nhow xow
perlative bea vea wea gea pea fea mea mhea kea cea jea whea tow nea nhea xea
inessive bue vue wue gue pue fue mue mhue kue cue jue whue tue nue nhue xue
besides bæ væ mhæ whæ nhæ

List of noun classesEdit

class singular prefix dual prefix plural prefix example
male pronouns central vowels,  voiceless labials, nasas voiceless fricatives

A' I

'y we

'i we

male nouns front vowels voiceless plosives approximants, rhotics

abraadao brother

praadao brothers

rhooda

brothers

female nouns dipthongs voiced labials,nasals affricatives

aiwhaar sister

waar sister

gȝaar sister

female proanouns back vowels voiced plosives laterals

r


VerbsEdit

Verbs conjugate towards tense, aspect, number and mood

the are four verb numbers these are singular, dual, triple and pural they agree to the agent argument noun's gender

prefix masculine femine
dual nha na
triple ta da
plural wha gha


SyntaxEdit

arguments are ordered in an animacy hierarchy with 1st or 2nd person pronouns at the top and  femine nouns at the bottom. A marking on the verb indicates whether the more animate NP is the A (direct voice) or the P (inverse voice).  gender aswell is important to the alignment. the word order is vso and it is right branching. The order goes from top masculine pronouns, then femine pronouns, then masculine nouns and at the bottom femine nouns

the man walked to the house twice is [dual walk perfective the masculine nominative men house locative] 

VocabularyEdit


No. English
1I
2you (singular)
3he
4we
5you (plural)
6they
7this
8that
9here
10there
11who
12what
13where
14when
15how
16not
17all
18many
19some
20few
21other
22one
23two
24three
25four
26five
27big
28long
29wide
30thick
31heavy
32small
33short
34narrow
35thin
36woman
37man (adult male)
38man (human being)
39child
40wife
41husband
42mother
43father
44animal
45fish
46bird
47dog
48louse
49snake
50worm
51tree
52forest
53stick
54fruit
55seed
56leaf
57root
58bark
59flower
60grass
61rope
62skin
63meat
64blood
65bone
66fat
67egg
68horn
69tail
70feather
71hair
72head
73ear
74eye
75nose
76mouth
77tooth
78tongue
79fingernail
80foot
81leg
82knee
83hand
84wing
85belly
86guts
87neck
88back
89breast
90heart
91liver
92drink
93eat
94bite
95suck
96spit
97vomit
98blow
99breathe
100laugh
101see
102hear
103know
104think
105smell
106fear
107sleep
108live
109die
110kill
111fight
112hunt
113hit
114cut
115split
116stab
117scratch
118dig
119swim
120fly
121walk
122come
123lie
124sit
125stand
126turn
127fall
128give
129hold
130squeeze
131rub
132wash
133wipe
134pull
135push
136throw
137tie
138sew
139count
140say
141sing
142play
143float
144flow
145freeze
146swell
147sun
148moon
149star
150water
151rain
152river
153lake
154sea
155salt
156stone
157sand
158dust
159earth
160cloud
161fog
162sky
163wind
164snow
165ice
166smoke
167fire
168ash
169burn
170road
171mountain
172red
173green
174yellow
175white
176black
177night
178day
179year
180warm
181cold
182full
183new
184old
185good
186bad
187rotten
188dirty
189straight
190round
191sharp
192dull
193smooth
194wet
195dry
196correct
197near
198far
199right
200left
201at
202in
203with
204and
205if
206because
207name


Example textEdit

bb                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        

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