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Цаулан о Йанюсахо

< Yanüsaho

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Йанюсахо
Цаулан о Йанюсахо
Type
agglutenative
Alignment
direct (SVO strict ish)
Head direction
final
Tonal
No
Declensions
Yes
Conjugations
Yes
Genders
animate, inanimate, abstract.
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect



General informationEdit

|han| - |lat|

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Labial Coronal dorsal Glottal
Nasal m n
Plosive p t k
Fricative s h
Affricate ts
Approximant j
Lateral app. l

VowelsEdit

Front Back
unrounded rounded unrounded rounded
Close i y u
Mid e~ɛ ʌ o~ɔ
Open a

AlphabetEdit

letter ipa
н n
а a
ц ts
е e~ɛ
э ʌ
к k
х h
и i
т t
с s
л l
о o~ɔ
м m
п p
й j
у y
ю u
ч

PhonotacticsEdit

not a lot happens, syllables may be (C)V(V)(C), C being any consonant, V being any vowel

stressEdit

Main stress is on the penultimate syllable (first syllable in monosyllabic or disyllabic words) if a word contains a diphthong it will have stress on that diphthong (e.g. sënka vs. qiroisëlu) 

GrammarEdit

NounsEdit

There are multiple nouncases in Yanüsaho, the plural and indefenite cases can also be a part of the genitive, instumental and vocative cases. A word with indefenate case does not agree to number (singular/plural), so a word can either be, singular, plural or indefenite.

case : singular plural indef genitive instrumental vocative
man тоню тонюйи тонюли тоню(йи/ли) ка тоню(йи/ли) мэ тоню(йи/ли) хо
meal пэли пэлийи пэлили пэли(йи/ли) ка пэли(йи/ли)тэ пэли(йи/ли) хе
society кайнун кайнун кайнун кайнун(йи/ли)  ка кайнун(йи/ли) сэ кайнун(йи/ли)  хо
general suffix : - -йи -ли ка -мэ(animate)   -тэ(inanimate) -сэ(abstract)

хо(animate) хэ(inanimate) хо(abstract)

The living/abstract/object distinction in instrumental and vocative cases are from Old Yanüsaho, which had that distinction in all nouns but remains in the least common cases. All nouns are count nouns (not mass nouns) so constructions like (“one corn” or “two papers” are allowed)

VerbsEdit

regular verbs on -iEdit

active present past future continuous
1st person -йа -йал -цан -йалам
2nd person -со -сол -сом -солам
Obilique -ла -на -илам
passive present past future continuous
1st person -йам -лам -йин -йаман
2nd person -сом -лос -йон -соман
Obilique -йил -тал -тан -илан

Only the oblique person is used normally, this person includes everything. When a pronoun drop occurs the first or second person might be used. Passive verbs are verbs in the sentences where the passive voice occurs, the object replaces the subject, and the subject goes away (the object of the passive sentence in this case, is the subject of the active sentence.). Only if the 1st or 2nd person were the subject in the active sentence the verb conjugates to that person.

Verb particlesEdit

verb particles particle
parfect лэ
optative ню
imperative су
subjunctive ка
negative чен(-)
interrogative нэ

verb particles are combinable, there can occur multiple after a verb, they are free to shatter over the sentence, but cannot occur before the verb. (except for qen, which only occurs directly before the verb.)

AdjectivesEdit

regular adjectives end on n, though nothing happens to this ending. there is a particle inbetween the adjective(s) and the noun that shows their relation. The adjective also agrees to the nouncase.

adjective particle obilique indefenite vocative
positive ол ли (х)о
comperative юл лю (х)ю
superlative эл лэ (х)э
inclusive мол мил (х)он/(х)эн

The vocative inclusive also agrees to the class of the noun. When the adjective particle contains the indef or vocative, a noun is not needed to express this anymore BUT it’s still very common to do express it. The <х> in the vocative particle is optional.

VocabularyEdit

Example textEdit

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