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Yeul 츨

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Yeul
Type
Alignment
Head direction
Tonal
No
Declensions
No
Conjugations
Yes
Genders
No
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect



General informationEdit

Yeul is the national language of Yeul and Thule; it originated in a future Europe of this world, and became influenced by Japan and Korea due to gaming and otaku industries.

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Bilabial Dental Alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Nasal m (m) n (n) ŋ (ng)
Plosive p (p)
b (b)
t (t)
d (d)
k (k)
Fricative f (f)
v (v)
θ (th) s (s)
z (z)
x (g, ch)* h (h)
Affricate ʋ (w) ts (ts)
Trill r (r)
Lateral approximant l (l)
Approximant j (y)

* g is pronounced more like [χ].

VowelsEdit

Front Near-Front Central Back
Close iˑ (y)
iː (ī)
yː (ū)
ʉ (ou)
Near-Close ɪ (i)
ʏ (u)
Mid əː (eu)
Open-Mid ɛ (e) ɔ (o)
Open aː (ā) ɑ (a)

The diphthongs are /eɪ/ (ē), /oʊ/ (ō), /ɛɪ/ (y), /aɪ/ (ea).

Writing SystemEdit

The Yeul script uses a variant of Hangul; due to computers' power, it is different handwritten, compared to when it is typed. Yeul also uses about 500 logographs based on Japanese Kanji.

Yeul script

Hoi-page1

handwritten example digitalized : 긧잇안얷암퓌러덗듸오쁴엉릿쮜릳던인츨

vowels long vowels specials
a ā y
e ē *ㅔ ea
o ō *ㅖ ou
u ū eu
i ī *+ (ㅚ) '

*ㅔ and ㅖ are more written like 二 and ェ (double and double+connected eu), but are not typable in 한글.

*+ is written like an asterisk, though also this can't be typed in the current 한글. ㅚ is the temporary use for it.

Initial Consonants
t d
p ハ*ㅃ f
k g
h θ*ㄲ ch
メ*ㅊ y b
z*ㄹ l r
m n
ᐁ*ㅉ w v*ㅆ v
s z
- コ*ㄸ th

*These are not included in typable 한글, so they are replaced by the character after the asterisk. In Yeul the consonants can form groups of two, in most cases this is not possible in 한글, thus the first consonant is written with a ㅟ vowel. The ㅚ vowel acts as a non-existent vowel for the time being.

*In some cases th is written as 긔. *L is temporarily also written as ㄹ (r).

Final constonants
t d
p ハ*ㅍ f
k g
メ*ㅎ h ng
..* y ㄴ* ..n
z*ㄹ l r
m n
ᐁ*ㅆ w v*ㅆ v
s z
ts ㅡ*  ..t

*..t (final final t) is written below the vowel, however this can't be done in 한글, so this will be added as a whole character following; the same goes for ..n(final final n). Final final t : 듸; final final n: 늬

*Final y/j is written as a double dot beneath the character. Yeul has particles, to prevent awkwardness they write a "punctuation" after the particles, they look like ㅏ for horizontal and ㅜ for vertical writing.


Yeul also has a futuristic looking abugida, though this isn't yet typable on the computer. It is read top-to-bottom, right-to-left.

VerbsEdit

There are two kinds of verbs in Yeul, verbs that end on -en and verbs that end on -in.

Verbs in their dictionary forms form nouns and can be used as objects subject etc.

The Conjugation : of tenseEdit

-en -in
Noun Form (infinitive) -en -in >인
Present -t -ing
Past -es -yes
Future -a -ya
Near-Future -ara 아라 -ira 이라
Omnitense -aya 아차 -iya 이차

The SuffixesEdit

-en -in
Formal -nes -isen 잇언
Humble -mes -imen 이먼
Extreme -dan -itan 이단
Equal -ook -ook
Posibility -ka -ki
Anti-Posibility -ky -kai 가이
Negative -ny -iny 이냬
Comparative -as -as
Anti-Comparative -nis -inis 이닛
Opposive -nea -inea 이네
Anti-Opposive -we -wi

The Conjugation : imperativeEdit

form -en -in
let's future + formal a nes 아넛 ya isen 차잇언
let's a bit.. future + humble a mes 아멋 ya imen 차이먼
let's a lot future + extreme dan 아탄 ya itan 차이단
let's not future + negative a ny 아냬 ya iny 차이냬
let's also future + equal a ook 아욕 ya ook 차욕

ExamplesEdit

dictionary form

to work (work)

wer euk en

짤윽언

present

I work (at this moment) wer euk t 쩔윽왿

past

I worked wer euk es 쩔윽엇

future

I might work wer euk a 쩔윽아

certain future

I will work wer euk ara 쩔윽아라

omnitense

I work (fact) wer euk aja 쩔윽아차

extreme

I work a lot wer euk dan 쩔윽탄

imperative

Let's work wer euk a nes 쩔윽아넛
comparative I work like wer euk t as 쩔윽왿앗
equal I also work wer euk t ook 쩔윽왿욕
anti-opposive I don't rest wer euk t we 쩔윽왿쩌

SyntaxEdit

The Yeul sentence is SV Everything can be placed freely around the verb, as long as is made sure that it is initiated with a particle. + To make it easy to understand each others sentences, some people use an initial particle for the verb. This varies a lot in dialects.

particle
time on   온
place* op   옾
place* from va   싸
place* towards nā   냐
indirect object ān   얀
direct object eut  읃
subject *** k'    귀
verb + yo   초 we 쩌 to 도 ya 차
adverbs lē   려

* place = place action is at the moment of speech (or the moment the time particle declares)

* place from = the place the action started, could also be the sender of the direct object (to the indirect object)

* place towards = the place the action is going to

* a place could also be a goal or something vague.

*** only needed if sentence doesn't start with subject, though this is nearly unpronounced.


Relativity.

particle
and en      언
and not enny  내
or euf     읖
and/or yen    천
ownership no      노
? >what's it called? in       인

Within parts this shows nor words are equal (maybe equal) in equal or belong to each other.

VocabularyEdit

NumeralsEdit

English Yeul
one

1

eu(n) 으/은
two

2

tvē     뒤쎠
three

3

dje     튀처
four

4

dō      툐
five

5

fy       빼
six

6

sē      셔
seven

7

sēne  셔너
eight

8

attu    앋두
nine

9

nēn    년
ten

10

tyn     댄
one hundred

100

hōn    횬
one thousand

1 000

dys     탯
ten thousand 10 000 deu    트

Personal PronounsEdit

Though while talking to another person or refering to a person is usually done by using their names. For the people you don't now the name of you use these pronouns.

This is not for the first person though, as that one is used more frequent than using one's own name (though it isn't weird using your own name to refer to yourself)

singular plural
1st person ik   익 wy    쨰
2nd person dy  턔 thy    떄
3rd person hy  햬 hem  험

Demonstrative PronounsEdit

english yeul
this dēs
that (close) dys
that (far away) das

Interrogative WordsEdit

english yinneu yeul latin use
who da person
what 나 / 난 na / nan object / action
where wār place
why rom reason
when wān time

*For the questions where and when  the yinneu for what and place or time. (this is spoken as either what+place/time or where/when)

Example textEdit

All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights.

全人초生차읃쀠럐언等인威헅언正

zenman yo bōrnenaya eut fry en glyk in wārthyd en rēekt

For more sentences go here

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