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Yimmu

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Progress 52%
Yimmu
"Udu"
Type
Agglutinating or Fusional for certain parts of speech
Alignment
Subject - Object - Verb
Head direction
Conjugations, Declensions, and syntactic inflections are suffixes. Inflections that modify the content but not the syntactic behavior of the word are prefixes. Heads are typically first if there are no content inflections
Tonal
No
Declensions
Yes
Conjugations
Yes
Genders
3
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect



General informationEdit

Yimmu is the most widespread language throughout eastern Calaveigjia and is indigenous to the Mansadr region. Its most populous dialect is called "Udu" and is spoken in the upstream portion of the Amanapura and Tanchi alluvial plains. Another dialect, Maglaiyam, is spoken in Pidjupti and the western foothills. Tala, the third dialect, is spoken in Kina. Yimmu is one of the two languages in the east Calaveigjian language group, the other being Cuoralam which is spoken in Panjur. The east Calaveigjian language groups is one of the three language groups of Calaveigjia and, although no origins have been confirmed, connections to Bantu, Dravidian, and Austronesian languages have been made. The other two groups are the Balsurati and Chodan language groups. The Balsurati language group is almost definitely African in origin with many connections to Bantu languages while the origins of the Chodan are unknown.

The following is a description that mainly focuses on the Udu dialect of Yimmu.

PhonologyEdit

Yimmu has very little consonant clusters and words can thus be said with efficiency. When consonant clusters do exist, they usually consist of an two approximate or nasal consonant paired together. Sometimes one approximate or nasal consonant is paired with a plosive, fricative, or affricate consonant. Consonant clusters almost never consist of plosive, fricative, or affricate consonants paired together. The most common vowel in Yimmu is "a" "are". "a" makes up approximately 50% of all vowels. After that, "eh","ee", and "oo" are the second most common consonants. "o" as in "home" is a bit less common than "eh", "ee", and "oo". "ih" as in "him" and "ae" as in "as" are very uncommon and only occur in a few words.

The following picture depicts a typed

MorphologyEdit

VerbsEdit

Verbs conjugate for tense, person, number, and aspect in a string of three morphemes that come after the head of the verb.

"Ne kamalenu" means "I run"

Kamalenu consists of "kamal", which means "run", "e", a morpheme signifying present tense, "n", a morpheme signifying a first person singular subject, and "u", a morpheme signifying simple aspect. If you separate the verb into its individual morphemes, it would be kamal-e-n-u or (base)(tense)(person/number)(aspect)

There are 3 tenses:

past = kamal-A-nu

present = kamal-E-nu

future = kamal-I-nu


There are 6 combinations of person and number:

1st singular = kamale-N-u

2nd singular = kamale-M-u

3rd singular = kamale-L-u

1st plural = kamale-D-u

2nd plural = kamale-J-u

3rd plural = kamale-V-u


There are four aspects:

simple = kamalel-U

progressive = kamalel-A

perfect = kamalel-I

perfect progressive = kamalel-ATU


There are 5 moods in Yimmu:

Subjunctive = tekamalenu

Conditional = pakamalenu

Imperative = chakamalenu

Interrogative = rikamalenu

Inferential = mekamalenu


For example: "Ma rikamaledatu?" would mean "Will you all have been running?"

NounsEdit

Nouns decline for specificity, case, and number. The morpheme for specificity comes before the base.

"jamu" means "the cat"

"ejamu" means "a cat" or "any cat"

"ajamu" means "all cats"

There are 8 combinations of case and number

singular nominative = jamu

singular accusative = jama

singular prepositional = jami

singular dative = jame

plural nominative = jamalu

plural accusative = jamala

plural prepositional = jamilu

plural dative = jamelu

For example: "ajamalu" would be the accusative form of "all cats"


Morphology ChartsEdit

Syntax Edit

General Layout: SOV

Noun phrase: ((noun)postposition)(determiner(noun))((adjective)adverb)

Verb phrase: (((noun)postposition)((verb)adverb))

NotesEdit

Note: Phrase transitioners

Between the subject phrase and object phrase, there is the phrase transitioner, "ya" (e.g. "I scratched it" would be "I ya it scratched" or "Ne ya yelu charanu") If there is only a pronoun in the subject, it can be informally eliminated from the sentence. (e.g. you could say "ya yelu charenu"). This phrase transitioner is only present when the verb has an object. (e.g. a sentence like "I ran" would not have "ya"). There is also the phrase transitioner, "ga", in front of the indirect object (e.g. I gave it a cookie" would be "I ya a cookie ga it gave" or Ne ya epuba ga yelu daiwenu). There is also a phrase transitioner, "sa" that acts as a relative pronoun. (e.g. "The dog that bites" would be "Dog sa bites" or "Pangu sa bahevu"). The last phrase transitioner, "ja" turns a sentence into a noun. (e.g. If you wanted to say that you hated the fact that bob ran away, you would say "I ya ja bob away ran hate" or "Ne ya ja bob ene aram kamalevu kagenu")

Note: Word type transition inflections


Syntax DiagramEdit

File:Yimmu Tree.pdf

This link will bring you to a syntactic tree of a completely blown out Yimmu sentence. Refer to the list below for help with abbreviations

NN = noun

PP = postposition

PPP = postpositional phrase

NNP = noun phrase

DT = determiner

DTP = determiner phrase

AJ = adjective

AV = adverb

AJP = adjective phrase

VT = verb transitioner

VB = verb

SVP = subverb phrase

PT = subposition transitioner

SPP = subposition phrase

SBS = subject section

SBC = subject

ET = entity transitioner

ETP = entity transitioner phrase

OBS = object section

IT = indirect object transitioner

IOP = indirect object phrase

VBP = verb phrase

VS = verb section

PDC = predicate

S = sentence

LexiconEdit


No. English Yimmu
1INe
2you (singular)Me
3heVedu
4weNa
5you (plural)Ma
6theyRelu
7thisYelu
8thatJa
9herekab
10theresan
11whoContionary_Wiki
12whatawta
13whereContionary_Wiki
14whenContionary_Wiki
15howContionary_Wiki
16notchi-
17alle-
18manyraha
19somemaga
20fewchiupu
21othertala
22onegu
23twoche
24threepi
25fourma
26fivete
27bigbung
28longsur
29widebas
30thickcheut
31heavyham
32smallnin
33shortnil
34narrowshut
35thinsang
36womanbul
37man (adult male)budj
38man (human being)Contionary_Wiki
39childsangit
40wifegam
41husbanddum
42mothertam
43fathersar
44animalsaim
45fishpes
46birdchaj
47dogpung
48louseContionary_Wiki
49snakeContionary_Wiki
50wormContionary_Wiki
51treeContionary_Wiki
52forestContionary_Wiki
53stickContionary_Wiki
54fruitContionary_Wiki
55seedContionary_Wiki
56leafmer
57rootgav
58barkkirg
59flowerfal
60grasstul
61ropechin
62skinshan
63meatbar
64bloodshal
65boneg'rd
66fatContionary_Wiki
67eggContionary_Wiki
68hornContionary_Wiki
69tailContionary_Wiki
70featherContionary_Wiki
71hairContionary_Wiki
72headContionary_Wiki
73earContionary_Wiki
74eyeContionary_Wiki
75noseContionary_Wiki
76mouthContionary_Wiki
77toothContionary_Wiki
78tongueContionary_Wiki
79fingernailContionary_Wiki
80footContionary_Wiki
81legContionary_Wiki
82kneeContionary_Wiki
83handContionary_Wiki
84wingContionary_Wiki
85bellyContionary_Wiki
86gutsContionary_Wiki
87neckContionary_Wiki
88backContionary_Wiki
89breastContionary_Wiki
90heartContionary_Wiki
91liverContionary_Wiki
92drinkContionary_Wiki
93eatContionary_Wiki
94biteContionary_Wiki
95suckContionary_Wiki
96spitContionary_Wiki
97vomitContionary_Wiki
98blowContionary_Wiki
99breatheContionary_Wiki
100laughContionary_Wiki
101seeContionary_Wiki
102hearContionary_Wiki
103knowContionary_Wiki
104thinkContionary_Wiki
105smellContionary_Wiki
106fearContionary_Wiki
107sleepContionary_Wiki
108liveContionary_Wiki
109dieContionary_Wiki
110killContionary_Wiki
111fightContionary_Wiki
112huntContionary_Wiki
113hitContionary_Wiki
114cutContionary_Wiki
115splitContionary_Wiki
116stabContionary_Wiki
117scratchContionary_Wiki
118digContionary_Wiki
119swimContionary_Wiki
120flyContionary_Wiki
121walkContionary_Wiki
122comeContionary_Wiki
123lieContionary_Wiki
124sitContionary_Wiki
125standContionary_Wiki
126turnContionary_Wiki
127fallContionary_Wiki
128giveContionary_Wiki
129holdContionary_Wiki
130squeezeContionary_Wiki
131rubContionary_Wiki
132washContionary_Wiki
133wipeContionary_Wiki
134pullContionary_Wiki
135pushContionary_Wiki
136throwContionary_Wiki
137tieContionary_Wiki
138sewContionary_Wiki
139countContionary_Wiki
140sayContionary_Wiki
141singContionary_Wiki
142playContionary_Wiki
143floatContionary_Wiki
144flowContionary_Wiki
145freezeContionary_Wiki
146swellContionary_Wiki
147sunContionary_Wiki
148moonContionary_Wiki
149starContionary_Wiki
150waterContionary_Wiki
151rainContionary_Wiki
152riverContionary_Wiki
153lakeContionary_Wiki
154seaContionary_Wiki
155saltContionary_Wiki
156stoneContionary_Wiki
157sandContionary_Wiki
158dustContionary_Wiki
159earthContionary_Wiki
160cloudContionary_Wiki
161fogContionary_Wiki
162skyContionary_Wiki
163windContionary_Wiki
164snowContionary_Wiki
165iceContionary_Wiki
166smokeContionary_Wiki
167fireContionary_Wiki
168ashContionary_Wiki
169burnContionary_Wiki
170roadContionary_Wiki
171mountainContionary_Wiki
172redContionary_Wiki
173greenContionary_Wiki
174yellowContionary_Wiki
175whiteContionary_Wiki
176blackContionary_Wiki
177nightContionary_Wiki
178dayContionary_Wiki
179yearContionary_Wiki
180warmContionary_Wiki
181coldContionary_Wiki
182fullContionary_Wiki
183newContionary_Wiki
184oldContionary_Wiki
185goodContionary_Wiki
186badContionary_Wiki
187rottenContionary_Wiki
188dirtyContionary_Wiki
189straightContionary_Wiki
190roundContionary_Wiki
191sharpContionary_Wiki
192dullContionary_Wiki
193smoothContionary_Wiki
194wetContionary_Wiki
195dryContionary_Wiki
196correctContionary_Wiki
197nearContionary_Wiki
198farContionary_Wiki
199rightContionary_Wiki
200leftContionary_Wiki
201atContionary_Wiki
202inContionary_Wiki
203withContionary_Wiki
204andch
205ifContionary_Wiki
206becauseContionary_Wiki
207namenam


Example textEdit

Regular English:

"When will the cats be running to the store and scratching the little girls? Oh my! They have been giving me my candy!"

English words in Yimmu Grammar:

"Cats store to will be running and girls little scratching during what? Oh my! They my candy me have been giving!"

Yimmu:

Jamalu duki ai kamaliva chada ya balala nina chariva ul awta? Kari! Relu na ene ud chachi ga one tamevatu!

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