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Yinyuwa

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Yinyuwa
Ynyua matam, Ytam
Type
Synthetic
Alignment
Accusative
Head direction
left
Tonal
No
Declensions
Yes
Conjugations
Yes
Genders
21
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect



General InformationEdit

Yinyuwa (natively Ynyua matam or Ytam [jiˈd̟äm]) is the second most spoken Diynmiroan language of the planet Patrona (natively Jidall [cçiˈdäl]).

It has many distinctive changes from Proto-Diynmiroan within the family. Yinyuwa lost final stops, prenasalized consonants, and grammatical case. Vowel hiatus became illegal resulting in consonantization and epenthesis. It also kept almost all of the Proto-Diynmiroan noun classes, yet lost many of their number distinctions. Compounding is favored more than derivational affixes.

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

labial interdental alveolar retroflex palatal velar
nasal m n̟ <n> n <nn> ɳ <nr> ɲ <ny> ŋ <g>
stop p~b <b> t̟~d̟ <þ> t~d <d> ʈ~ɖ <dr> cç~ɟʝ <j> k~g <k>
approximant l̪ <l> l <ll> ɭ <lr> ʎ <ly> j <y> w <u>
rhotic r <rr> ɻ <r>
  • note: The digraphs <nr>, <ny>, <lr>, and <ly> are reversed to <rn>, <yn>, <rl>, and <yl> syllable-finally.

VowelsEdit

front back
close i u
mid
open ä

PhonotacticsEdit

Words may begin with a vowel. Non-initial syllables however, must begin with a consonant. Words may not begin with laterals or rhotics. Words may end with any consonant except for stops. The only allowable consonant clusters are vowel-medial nasal-nasal clusters.

StressEdit

Stress is placed on the final syllable, with secondary stress on the first.

NounsEdit

ClassesEdit

Where two prefixes are separated by a slash in the table, the first is singular, the second plural.

# prefix description example
1 ua/ya- simple uann/yann "thing"
2 da/nri- people danyua/nrinyua "tribe"
3 ma/di- plants & languages marrog/dirrog "orchid"
4 o/nyu- small animals ojinnu/nyujinnu "dog"
5 ba/balra- big animals banraya/balranraya "wyrm"
6 kalra/balra- mobile natural kalralraka/balralraka "wind"
7 0/ya- immobile natural ba/yaba "lake"
8 ui/jui- tools uikur/juikur "knife"
9 go- locations gokarro "mountain"
10 þi- interior þikarro "cave"
11 duu- forbidden duurri "gambling"
12 a- abstractions auanra "happiness"
13 ajuka- an inquorate class ajukakarita "loved one"
14 ja- or jo- infinitives jarri "to roll"
15 mu- gerunds mutam "speaking"
  • For any example referring to a living thing, the translation is not accurate. As Patrona is a different planet, the translations merely suggest a similar niche filled.

PossessionEdit

Possession is shown with possessive suffixes.

sg pl
1 -nyi1 -mi2
2 -ga3 -ka4
3 -u -rra1
  1. 1s and 3p appear as -i and -a after a consonant.
  2. 1p appears as -imi after an <m> or a consonant.
  3. 2s appears as -aga after an <g> or a consonant.
  4. 2p appears as -ga after a nasal consonant that isn't <g> and as -aka after a consonant.

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