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Yinyuwa

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Yinyuwa
Ynyua matam, Ytam
Type
Synthetic
Alignment
Accusative
Head direction
left
Tonal
No
Declensions
Yes
Conjugations
Yes
Genders
21
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect



General InformationEdit

Yinyuwa (natively Ynyua matam or Ytam [jiˈt̪äm]) is the second most spoken Diynmiro language.

It has many distinctive changes from Proto-Diynmiro within the family. Yinyuwa lost final stops, prenasalized consonants, and grammatical case. Vowel hiatus became illegal resulting in consonantization and epenthesis. It also kept almost all of the Proto-Diynmiro noun classes, yet lost many of their number distinctions. Compounding is favored more than derivational affixes.

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

labial interdental alveolar retroflex palatal velar
nasal m n̪ <n> n <nn> ɳ <nr> ɲ <ny> ŋ <ng>
stop b t̪ <t> d ɖ <dr> ɟʝ <j> k <c>
approximant l̪ <l> l <ll> ɭ <lr> ʎ <ly> j <y> w <u>
rhotic r <rr> ɻ <r>

VowelsEdit

front back
close i u
mid
open ä

PhonotacticsEdit

Words may begin with a vowel. Non-initial syllables however, must begin with a consonant. Words may not begin with laterals or rhotics. Words may end with any consonant except for stops. The only allowable consonant clusters are vowel-medial nasal-nasal clusters.

NounsEdit

# prefix description example
1 ua- simple uann "thing"
2 da- people danyua "ethnic group"
3 ma- plants & languages matam "language"
4 o- small animals ojinnu "dog"
5 ba- big animals banraya "wyrm"
6 calra- mobile natural phenomena calralraca "wind"
7 0- immobile natural phenomena jidall (ly-) "Patrona"
8 ui- diminutives & tools uicur "knife"
9 ngo- augmentatives & locations ngocarro "big mountain"
10 ti- interior tilinnmor "main room"
11 ya- pl of classes 1 & 17 yadrurn "spaces"
12 nri- pl of class 2 nriba "river people"
13 di- pl of class 3 dirrong "orchids"
14 nyu- pl of class 4 nyujinnu "pack"
15 balra- pl of classes 5 & 6 balralo "clouds"
16 i-* inalienably possession irann "mother"
17 y- Yinyuwa tribe property yciyn "Yinyuwa forest"
18 duu- evil & forbidden duujubada "enemies"
19 a- abstractions auanra "happiness"
20 ajuca- an inquorate class ajucacarita "loved one"
21 ja/jo- infinitives jarri "to roll"
  • For any example referring to a living thing, the translation is not accurate. As Patrona is a different planet, the translations merely suggest a similar niche filled.

Class 16Edit

Class 16 nouns are inalienably possessed nouns declined according to their possessor. They include body parts, kinship terms, and part-whole relations.

sg pl
1 nga- mi-
2 ca- bi-
3 i-

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