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Zahumsaleah

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Icoyan
Zahumsaleah
Type
Fusional
Alignment
Split Ergative
Head direction
Initial
Tonal
No
Declensions
Yes
Conjugations
Yes
Genders
7
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect



General InformationEdit

Zoem-1

The Icoyan flag.

[Nozrath] Zahumsaleah ([Old] Icoyan "The Old Language") is a liturgical former conlang spoken in an alternate Earth in about 1445. The language was originally devised by the [cult of] Incolenites as a way of having an official language to unite all members and have a way of being closer to their deities. The language was originally spoken in southwestern France and northeastern Spain (until the Inquistion), later- Western Germany (until the Nazi takeover), and even later- northeastern United States and eastern Canada (1932-present) with a total of 700 speakers and 19,000 members.

The old Zahumsaleah developed into the modern Yanios Zehumsaleah (Modern Icoyan "The Common Language"); a language used for everyday speak between members and their families. The old form of the language survives a liturgical language for various high priests and bishops. The Old language is incredibly hard to master and takes 11 years or more of study, while the Common language takes as much as 7 years to be fluent in. Most other members are fluent in other languages such as English, French, or Irish (all three in descending order). Every member knows at least one year's worth of Zahumsaleah by the time they're 12 years old.

The language was originally half-conlang half-glossalia, but later modified to fit a grammar of an actual language and became a natlang (of Rashaeoh) in about 1893. Its creators are only known by ther pseudonyms (Uonem, Karanset, and Oidozto). Not much else about its founders are known or the language is known to the masses.

Various schisms have dissolved the culture into five (formerly six) foundations; Uonican, Karansetite, Oidzotic, Fenudan, Yatalisan, and formerly Ruhgobanian. The various sects all use Zahumsaleah as their liturgical language, with intelligeable dialects of Yanios Zahumsaleah Phonology

ConsonantsEdit

There are 40 consonants appearing in the Zahumsaleah language, most of which appear in a fortified-lenited pair (or in the case of non-laryngeal plosives, a fortified-medialized-lenited trio). An <x> below an IPA symbol means ballisticization.


Bilabial Dental Alveolar Alveo-Palatal Palatal Velar Uvular Pharyngeal Epiglottal Glottal
Nasal m̊ʲ m͓ᴴ n̊ʲ n͓ᴴ ŋ
Plosive (pᴴ) b b͓ˠ (tᴴ) d d͓ˠ (kᴴ) k k̤ q̥~ɢ̬ ʔ
Fricative ɸʲ ɸ̤ θʲ ðʷ (sᴴ) s̤ʲ z͓ᴴ ɕ xʲ ɣ͓ʷ ħʲ ʕ̤ ʜ ʢ͓ h
Affricate ȶ̤ʷɕ̤ʷ
Approximant ʍ̤ w j ʍ̤ w
Trill r͓ᴴ
Lateral l̊ʲ l͓ʲᴴ


VowelsEdit

Front Near-front Central Near-back Back
Close iː yː ḭ̰ː y̰̰ː
Near-close ɪ ʏ
Close-mid
Mid e̞ e̞ː ḛ̰ː˕ ə o̞ o̞ː o̰̰ː˕
Open-mid
Near-open ʌ̞̽ ɔ̞̽
Open ɒː ɑː ɒ̰̰ː ɑ̰̰ː



AlphabetEdit

PhonotacticsEdit

GrammarEdit

Gender Cases Numbers Tenses Persons Moods Voices Aspects
Verb No Yes No Yes No No No No
Nouns No No No No No Yes Yes No
Adjectives No No Yes No No Yes Yes No
Numbers No No No No No No No No
Participles No Yes No Yes No Yes No No
Adverb No Yes Yes Yes No No No No
Pronouns No No No No No No No No
Adpositions No No Yes No No No Yes No
Article No No No No No No No No
Particle No No No No No No No No


VocabularyEdit


No. English
1I
2you (singular)
3he
4we
5you (plural)
6they
7this
8that
9here
10there
11who
12what
13where
14when
15how
16not
17all
18many
19some
20few
21other
22one
23two
24three
25four
26five
27big
28long
29wide
30thick
31heavy
32small
33short
34narrow
35thin
36woman
37man (adult male)
38man (human being)
39child
40wife
41husband
42mother
43father
44animal
45fish
46bird
47dog
48louse
49snake
50worm
51tree
52forest
53stick
54fruit
55seed
56leaf
57root
58bark
59flower
60grass
61rope
62skin
63meat
64blood
65bone
66fat
67egg
68horn
69tail
70feather
71hair
72head
73ear
74eye
75nose
76mouth
77tooth
78tongue
79fingernail
80foot
81leg
82knee
83hand
84wing
85belly
86guts
87neck
88back
89breast
90heart
91liver
92drink
93eat
94bite
95suck
96spit
97vomit
98blow
99breathe
100laugh
101see
102hear
103know
104think
105smell
106fear
107sleep
108live
109die
110kill
111fight
112hunt
113hit
114cut
115split
116stab
117scratch
118dig
119swim
120fly
121walk
122come
123lie
124sit
125stand
126turn
127fall
128give
129hold
130squeeze
131rub
132wash
133wipe
134pull
135push
136throw
137tie
138sew
139count
140say
141sing
142play
143float
144flow
145freeze
146swell
147sun
148moon
149star
150water
151rain
152river
153lake
154sea
155salt
156stone
157sand
158dust
159earth
160cloud
161fog
162sky
163wind
164snow
165ice
166smoke
167fire
168ash
169burn
170road
171mountain
172red
173green
174yellow
175white
176black
177night
178day
179year
180warm
181cold
182full
183new
184old
185good
186bad
187rotten
188dirty
189straight
190round
191sharp
192dull
193smooth
194wet
195dry
196correct
197near
198far
199right
200left
201at
202in
203with
204and
205if
206because
207name


Example textEdit

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