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Zarchann
Jeiirzileivava
Type Fusional
Alignment Ergative-Absolutive
Head direction Head-Final
Tonal No
Declensions Yes
Conjugations Yes
Genders Five
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect
Meta-information
Progress 6%
Statistics
Nouns 6%
Verbs 1%
Adjectives 0%
Syntax 17%
Words 10 of 5000
Creator Mrc26

Zarchann (Zarchann: Jeiirzileivava) is a language used in the world of Zar (Zarchann: Jeiir). It is the primary and the most widely spoken language in Zar.

Classification and DialectsEdit

Zarchann is a global language of the world of Zar. Therefore, it is also the national language of sixteen of the 37 nations of Zar.

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Labio-dental Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Retroflex Palatal Velar Uvular Pharyngeal Epiglottal Glottal
Nasal
Plosive L, P, X
Fricative N G O C, F
Affricate Z
Approximant Q, Y E, M H, S, U K, W B, D, J V
Trill
Flap or tap
Lateral fric.
Lateral app.
Lateral flap

VowelsEdit

Front Near-front Central Near-back Back
High
Near-high
High-mid T
Mid R
Low-mid A
Near-low
Low I

Consonant ClustersEdit

Zarchann has 11 consonant clusters

Cluster Translation
br yir
cr zir
dr cir
fr sir
gr tir
pr uir
st noy
th ola
tr oir
tw oxa
wr xir


PhonotacticsEdit

Technically, Zarchann follows the English phonotactics, but with some exceptions.

The A and I Rule Edit

The A and I Rule is a constraint rule in Zarchann.

A and I Zarchann letters should not be used with E, O, P, R, T, and U, nor with A nor I.

Examples:

ae

ao

it

iu

If in case the combinations are needed for the translation of a certain word, an apostrophe (‘) mark will be added.

Examples:

Apricot - translated as 'Ei’urzesoy'*

Italy - translated as 'Ou’o’ei’pawa'**

* ‘pr’ is a diphthong, it is translated as ‘ur’ (um + ir)

** ‘ta’ is a syllable of T, it is translated as ‘oei’, but it is an illegal combination, so it will have an apostrophe mark.

Writing SystemEdit

Zarchann Alphabet

The Zarchann alphabet, with its English letter equivalent.

Letter I L N P Q X Y G O R C E
Sound ou pa va um tu bi wa fi es ir zi an
Letter F M H S T U K W Z A B D
Sound so de la ne oy un ro xa ji ei ye ca
Letter J V
Sound ke he

GrammarEdit

NounsEdit

Plurality Edit

Plurality of Zarchann nouns are simple - they need only to add the suffix 'gg'.

Example:

Way - xeiwa Plural: xeiwagg

Common and Proper Nouns Edit

A common noun can be directly translated.

A proper noun cannot be directly translated. It will retain the spelling with no changes.


Examples:

Common Nouns

Parrot - ‘U’eiiriesoy’ (pronounced as ‘U-wee-ri-soy’)

Tree - ‘En-Oyinir’ (pronounced as ‘En O-yi-nir’)

Proper Nouns

Zarchann - ‘Zarchann’

Toyota - ‘Toyota’

Exceptions to Proper Nouns are countries.

GendersEdit

Nouns in Zarchann has 5 grammatical genders - masculine, feminine, animals, plants, and lifeless objects.

MasculineEdit

Masculinity in Zarchann can be used, aside from humans, to animals, plants, or anything that is given a masculine gender.

To determine a male in Zarchann, the suffix ‘-an’ will be added, including the hyphen.

Example:

Male parrot - translated as ‘An-u’eiiriesoy-an

Robin - translated as ‘Robin-an’

FeminineEdit

Femininity  in Zarchann can be used, aside from humans, to animals, plants, or anything that is given a feminine gender.

To determine a female in Zarchann, the suffix ‘-en’ will be added, including the hyphen.

Example:

Female parrot -  translated as ‘An-u’eiiriesoy-en’

Josephine - translated as ‘Josephine-en’

AnimalsEdit

Animals in Zarchann can be anything that is included in the either of the four kingdoms of taxonomy except the Kingdom of Plantae, which has a separate rule.

To determine an animal in Zarchann, the prefix ‘An-’ will be added, including the hyphen.

Example:

Parrot - translated as ‘An-u’eiiriesoy

Horse - translated as ‘An-lesirnan

Case 1 - Scientific NamesEdit

If in case, there is no common name for the animal, it will be regarded as proper noun, thus following the respective rule.

Case 2 - Specific NamesEdit

If in case, a specific name of an animal is given (ex. African lion), the descriptive name before the common name will be translated directly, except if it is a name or a surname of a person, where it will be regarded as proper noun.

Also, the common name will be the first in translation, followed by its descriptive name.

Example:

African lion - translated as ‘An-puesva Eisoir’ouzeiva’ (pronounced as ‘pwes-va Ey-so-ir’ow-zey-va’)

PlantsEdit

Plants in  Zarchann can be anything that is included in the Kingdom of Plantae in taxonomy.

To determine a plant in Zarchann, the prefix ‘En-’ will be added, including the hyphen.

Example:

Tree - translated as ‘En-oyinir’

Coconut - translated as ‘En-Zeszesvunoy’

Case 1 - Scientific NamesEdit

If in case, there is no common name for the plant, it will be regarded as proper noun, thus following the respective rule.

Case 2 - Specific NamesEdit

If in case, a specific name of an plant is given (ex. Dark oak), the descriptive name before the common name will be translated directly, except if it is a name or a surname of a person, where it will be regarded as proper noun.

Also, the common name will be the first in translation, followed by its descriptive name.

Example:

Dark oak - translated as ‘En-es’eiro ceiirro’ (pronounced as ‘En es’ey-ro sey-ee-ro’)

CombinationsEdit

Combinations of genders are permitted to all but humans.

Also, combination of male and female is not allowed.

Examples:

Male parrot - ‘An-u’eiiriesoy-an

VerbsEdit

Verbs in Zarchann has only three tenses - present, future, and past. It has two aspects - perfect and imperfect. Also, Zarchann has three moods - indicative, subjunctive, and conditional.

Absolutive Agreements Edit

For regular verbs, a Zarchann verb is performed simply by adding a vowel (a, i, r, t) to itself.

Example:

Work - ‘Xesirro’

SINGULAR

PLURAL

M/F

M/F

Mixed

First

Xesirroa

Xesirro’t

Xesirro’r

Second

Xesirroi

Xesirro’a

Third

Xesirror

Xesirro’i


Singular Verbs

First Person - add ‘a’ as suffix

Second Person - add ‘i’ as suffix

Third Person - add ‘r’ as suffix

Plural Verbs

Single Gender

First Person - add ‘t as suffix

Second Person - add ‘a as suffix

Third Person - add ‘i as suffix

Mixed Gender

First, Second, and Third Persons - add ‘r as suffix

Tenses Edit

For regular verbs, tenses defines when the verb takes place. The prefixes “Os-, If-, and Ba” will be added to present, past and future tense verbs, respectively.

Example:

Work - Xesirro

TENSE

TRANSLATION

Present

Os-xesirro

Past

If-xesirro

Future

Ba-xesirro

Aspects Edit

For regular verbs, aspects defines when the tense exactly happen. The suffixes “Ax and ev” will be added to imperfect and perfect aspects, respectively.

Example:

Work - Xesirro

ASPECT

TRANSLATION

Perfect

Xesirroev

Imperfect

Xesirroax

Moods Edit

Moods in Zarchann are indicative, subjunctive, and conditional. Suffixes ‘as, er, and oz’ will be added to indicative, subjunctive, and conditional moods, respectively.

Indicative means that the fact is true.

Subjunctive means that the fact may not be true but the speaker assumes its true

Conditional means that the fact may be either true or false depending on certain conditions.

Example:

Work - Xesirro

MOOD

TRANSLATION

Indicative

Xesirroas

Subjunctive

Xesirroer

Conditional

Xesirrooz

Combinations Edit

Zarchann permits the use of Tense + Aspect, but not Tense + Mood nor Aspect  + Mood. Mood should be only use even there is tenses, in which case, the mood will be disregarded.

Pronouns

Pronouns in Zarchann follows the English  syntax. Pronouns such as he and she will have direct translations.

AdjectivesEdit

Adjectives in Zarchann always comes last, after the noun which it modifies.

AdverbsEdit

Adverbs in Zarchann always comes after a verb and comes first before an adjective and another adverb.

ArticlesEdit

Articles such as 'the', 'a', and 'an' are translated as 'olan', 'ei', and 'eiva', respectively.

If the article precedes a word that begins with a Zarchann consonant, the article will be placed on its original pattern.

Example:

The dog - Olan cesfi

Else, if the article precedes a word that begins with a Zarchann vowel, the article will merge to that word.

Example:

The ant - Ol'eivaoy

An ant - Ei'eivaoy

SyntaxEdit

Zarchann has six parts of speech - Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Adjectives, Adverbs, and Conjunctions. Interjections are under verbs, and prepositions are under either adjectives or adverbs, depending on their use.

Also, adjectives must be placed after a noun. Adverbs must be placed after a verb and must be placed before an adjective or another adverb.

Zarchann follows the typical SVO sentence patterns for both transitive and intransitive clauses. It also accept other sentence patterns, provided that they do not break any of the syntax rules stated above.

LexiconEdit

Please see Zarchann Lexicon for the lexicon of Zarchann.

Numerical SystemEdit

Zarchann has a complete system of numbers, starting with zero.

0-9Edit

Number Translation
0 Janies
1 Esvan
2 Oyxes
3 Olairan
4 Sesunir
5 Souhan
6 Noubi
7 Nanhav
8 Anoufiloy
9 Vouvan

10-19Edit

Number Translation
10 Oanva
11 Anpanhanva
12 Oxanpahan
13 Olao'roan
14 Sesuniroan
15 Sousoroan
16 Noubiroan
17 Nanhavroan
18 Anoufiloiroan
19 Vouvanroan

20-90Edit

Number Translation
20 Oxanvowa
30 Olao'rowa
40 Serowa
50 Sousowa
60 Noubowa
70 Nanhavowa
80 Anoufilowa
90 Vouvanowa

100-900Edit

Number Translation
100 Lunvacanca Esvan
200 Lunvacanca Oyxes
300 Lunvacanca Olairan
400 Lunvacanca Sesunir
500 Lunvacanca Souhan
600 Lunvacanca Noubi
700 Lunvacanca Nanhav
800 Lunvacanca Anoufiloy
900 Lunvacanca Vouvan

1000 and aboveEdit

thousand - olesunevaca

million - dopapesva

billion - yopapesva

trillion - oropapesva

Example textEdit

The quick brown fox jumped over the lazy dog.

Translation:

Olan an-sesbi tunouziro yiresxava eshanir if-kundum olan an-cesfi peijiwa.

Anglicized Translation:

The fox quick brown over jumped the dog lazy.


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