Fandom

Conlang

Zhanlika

3,201articles on
this wiki
Add New Page
Talk0 Share

Ad blocker interference detected!


Wikia is a free-to-use site that makes money from advertising. We have a modified experience for viewers using ad blockers

Wikia is not accessible if you’ve made further modifications. Remove the custom ad blocker rule(s) and the page will load as expected.

Zhanlika
zhanlika
Type agglutenative
Alignment nom acc
Word Order free
Head direction SOV
Tonal No
Declensions Yes
Conjugations Yes
Topic-Prominence No
Classes
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect



Classification and DialectsEdit

Zhanlika is a language designed by adam and osswix as a cooperative language.  It is an highly agglutenative language with hinty kitchen-sinky grammar.

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Consonants bilabial dental alveolar retroflex palatal velar glottal
nasal m n ɲ ŋ
ejective stop
aspirated stop [tʰ] [kʰ]
unvoiced stop [p] [t] [k]
voiced stop b d
unvoiced fricative ɸ θ s ʂ [ç] h
voiced fricative ð z ʐ ɣ
approximant l j w
tap [ɾ]
trill r

VowelsEdit

vowels front unrounded center/back unrounded back rounded
high i ɨ u
mid ɛ ʌ ɔ
low ɑ

PhonotacticsEdit

A basic notation of the phonotactics could be (C)(M)V(F) where, C is any consonant, M is a medial which depends on the initial consonant, V is any vowel and F is any final consonant.

The final consonant can only be nasals, stops, /s/, /l/ or /r/.

The medial can always be /j/, /w/ and /r/, but after stops also /s/ can occur, after nasals also /l/ can occur.

AllophonyEdit

/h/ is pronounced as [ç] before /i/.
/tʼ/ and /kʼ/ are pronounced [t] and [k] respectively word finally.
/b/ and /d/ are pronounced [p] and [t] respectively word finally.
/tʼ/ and /kʼ/ are pronounced [tʰ] and [kʰ] respectively word initially.
/n/, /ɲ/ and /ŋ/ are pronounced [ɾ], [j] and [ŋɣ] intervocally.
/n/ and /ɲ/ are both pronounced as [m] before any bilabial consonant (mb and ɸ).
/tʼ/, /kʼ/ are pronounced as [t] and [k] respectively before an /s/.
/s/ is pronounced [z] after /b/ and /d/.

Writing SystemEdit

ConsonantsEdit

letter m n nj ng t k b d f st r
sound m n, ɾ, m ɲ, j, m ŋ, ŋɣ tʼ, t, tʰ kʼ, k, kʰ b, p d, t ɸ θ r
letter s sh h zd z zh g l j w '
sound s,  z ʂ h, ç ð z ʐ ɣ l j w

' is used to seperate possible digraphs from actual single graphs (an example with minimal pairs would be /ɲa/ vs /nja/ which would be written as nja and n'ja respectively.)

VowelsEdit

letter i e v o a u y
sound i ɛ ʌ ɔ ɑ u ɨ

in the handwritten latin variant v is actually written like ʌ

vowel harmony Edit

harmony variants unrounded round
front back back
neutral vowels a
high vowels i y u
mid vowels e v o

The vowels have a harmony, where i /i/ + e/ɛ/ and u /u/ + /ɔ/ cannot occur in the same word. The first 'strong' vowel (either i, e, u or o) that occurs in the root of a word is the vowel everything harmonizes to. If a word doesn't contain any of the vowels i, e. u or o (thus only cointains the vowels a, y and v) it is considered a 'neutral root' and suffixes do not change (unless there is a suffix or compound that creates a 'strong' root). strong o/u roots are roots where the first 'strong' vowel is either o or u. strong e/i roots are roots where the first 'strong' vowel is either e or i. All other vowels harmonize to these roots (in a root contradicting vowels cannot occur). The vowels of suffixes and compounds might change depending on the harmony, u and o change to y and v respectively in strong e/i roots and i and e change to y and v respectively in strong o/u roots. an example with the suffix in :

 mal (neutral root) + in > malin
 mon (strong o/u root) + in > monyn
 mik (strong e/i root) + in > mikin

an example with the suffix om :

 mal (neutral root) + om > malom
 mon (strong o/u root) + om > monom
 mik (strong e/i root) + om > mikvm

GrammarEdit

NounsEdit

noun template
defeniteness-locational prefixes stem number - posession suffixes case suffix compounding suffix
location/definiteness position root class plurality posession

All affixes but the root are optional.

location/definitenessEdit

function prefix
definite / neutral -
indefinite i / y
proximal an
medial tak
distal gem / gvm

positionEdit

function prefix
in me / mv
on n'je / n'jv
under ok / vk
in front mwen / mwvn
behind twet / twvt
left of n'ji / n'jy
right of my
before n'jo / n'jv
after ek / vk

classEdit

function suffix
animal in / yn
plant nyr
eatable tam
usable ton / tvn
decorative tyd
abstract om / vm

numberEdit

function suffix
singular -
paucal jen / jvn
plural sam

posessionEdit

function suffix
1st sg em / vm
1st pl inc sam
1st pl ex ejem / vjvm
2nd sg ad
2nd pl ejad / vjad
3rd sg yk
3rd pl ijyk / yjyk

caseEdit

function suffix
nominative tan
accusative ted / tvd
genitive gem / gvm
ablative / elative lyn
adessive / inessive leen / lvvn
allative / dative rvm
qualitative den / dvn
instrumental / commitative fen / fvn
topic hym

compoundingEdit

function suffix
describing-equal an
describing-inequal jana
non-describing-equal ym
non-describing-inequal jymy
and jel / jvl

VerbsEdit

noun template
nominative-tense prefixes stem accusative-aspect(3) suffixes mood-aspect(2) suffixes
person (nominative) tense root aspect(1) person (accusative) aspect (3) mood aspect (2)

PersonsEdit

person nominative prefix accusative suffix
1 me / mv man
2 ja jak
3 ko / kv kom / kvm
1 (polite) mere / mvrv manan
2 (polite) jana janek / janvk
3 (polite) konnv / kvnnv kommvn / kvmmvn

tenseEdit

tense prefix
present -
past n
historic past net / nvt
future fan

aspectEdit

aspect (1) suffix
initiative in / yn
momentane ten / tvn
terminative on / vn
aspect (2) suffix
continuous im / ym
perfect ol / vl
habitual iminim / ymynym
segmentive olymym / vlymym
gnomic imil / ymyl
aspect (3) suffix
attemptive aran
intentional al
accidental matan

moodEdit

mood suffix
conditional den / dvn
imperative du / dy
optative ba
potential kat
interrogative nem / nvm
clairifying n'ja
agreement hem / hvm

LexiconEdit

Example textEdit

Also on Fandom

Random Wiki