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Zumakh'i

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Zumakhinian (Zumakhinian: Zumakh'i) is a language spoken on the remote island of Zumakh, and is not based on any language familiy.

Classification and Dialects Edit

Zumakh'i is a remote language, and is not based on any language (family). Only one dialect is spoken, Northern Zumakh'i. In this dialect, people may use /ɣ/ instead of /g/.

Writing System Edit

The writing system of Zumakh'i is the exact same as the English alfabet, although about 200 years a different alphabet was used. If you want to show respect, use this alphabet (foreigners who know it are considered more respectfull). When using this alphabet, remember to put the Greek letter "omega" after every verb!

Zumakh'i

Old Zumakh'i alphabet







In the current alphabet, the greek letter "omega" has been banned and instead you should use the cyrillic "soft sign" (which is not pronounced and is only added to understand sentences faster.)

GrammarEdit

NounsEdit

In Zumakh'i, nouns are sorted in three genders: Feminine, masculine and neuter. Feminine nouns are declined with the First Declension, masculine nouns with the Second Declension and neuter nouns with the Third Declension.

First DeclensionEdit

The first declension is used for feminine nouns, starting with the determiner "da" (definite singular), "oda" (definite plural), "eda" (indefinite singular) or "o'eda" (indefinite plural).

Declension of the word "eska" (magpie)
Singular Plural
Definite (da/oda) eska eskae
Indefinite (eda/o'eda) eskao eskaeo

Second DeclensionEdit

The second declension is used for masculine nouns, starting with the determiner "de" (definite singular), "ode" (definite plural), "ede" (indefinite singular) or "o'ede" (indefinite plural).

Declension of the word "skele" (school)
Singular Plural
Definite (de/ode) skele skeles
Indefinite (ede/o'ede) skelem skeles'm

Third DeclensionEdit

The third declension is used for neuter nouns, starting with the determiner "do" (definite singular), "odo" (definite plural), "edo" (indefinite singular) or "o'edo" (indefinite plural).

Declension of the word "khelt" (money)
Singular Plural
Definite (do/odo) khelt kheltok
Indefinite (edo/o'edo) kheltix kheltokix

DeterminersEdit

Zumakh'i uses 12 determiners: 4 feminine, 4 masculine and 4 neuter.

Determiners in Zumakh'i
Definite singular Definite plural Indefinite singular Indefinite plural
Feminine da oda eda o'eda
Masculine de ode ede o'ede
Neuter do odo edo o'edo

Examples:

Give me the pencil -> de, Give me the pencils -> ode

Give me 'pencil -> ede, Give me (...'pencils -> o'ede

VerbsEdit

Verbs have four ways of conjugating: feminine, masculine, neuter and irregular. Feminine verbs always end with -a (before the soft sign) and are conjugated like this:

Conjugation of feminine verbs
Whole verb (to play)

ChpelaЪ

Stem Chpel
Eg (I) ChpeloЪ

Gye (You)

ChpelsЪ

Hye (He) ChpeltЪ

Zye (She) ChpelatЪ

Ed (It) ChpelitЪ

Myen (One)  ChpelotЪ

Wye (We) ChpelmusЪ

Vyos (You) ChpeltisЪ

Aftoi (They) ChpelntЪ

Masculine verbs always end with -e (before the soft sign) and are conjugated like this:

Conjugation of masculine verbs
Whole verb (to arrive) AkomehЪ

Stem

Akom
Eg (I) AkomeЪ

Gye (You) AkomiЪ

Hye (He) AkomesЪ

Zye (She) AkomasЪ

Ed (It) AkomisЪ

Myen (One) AkomosЪ

Wye (We) AkomzЪ

Vyos (You) AkompЪ

Aftoi (They) AkomtoiЪ

The neuter conjugations are very easy, just put f or 'f after every stem (<- depends on pronounciation).

The irregular verbs are the hardest and those should just be memorized. I'm sorry, there is no trick for this!

PronounsEdit

PersonalEdit

This is a list of the personal pronouns in Zumakh'i:

Personal pronouns in Zumakh'i
Zumakh'i English
Eg I
Gye You
Hye He
Zye She
Ed It
Myen One
Wye We
Vyos You
Aftoi They

PossesionalEdit

This is a list of the possesional pronouns in Zumakh'i

Possesional pronouns in Zumakh'i
Zumakh'i English
Egis My
Gye'is Your
Hye'is His
Zye'is Her
Edis It's
Myenis One's
Wye'is Our
Vyosis Your
Aftoi'is Their

AdjectivesEdit

Adjectives are very easy and work like this: The word for "beauty" (noun) is myde, when making the adjective "beautiful" you just add -fe! So: myde -> mydefe! Note that adjectives are placed AFTER the nouns! For example: The beautiful school -> De skele mydefe

SyntaxEdit

The standard word order is SVO, but when asking a question you use SOV and you NEVER conjugate the verb! The independent verb in the sentence is always placed at the end, but auxiliary verbs are placed in SVO order.

LexiconEdit

To be added soon

Example textEdit

Universal Declaration of Human Rights, Article 1Edit

  • All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
  • Yelle mzen suentЪ vrye et gel'yk yf wradzeknyet et regt boréntЪ. Aftoi suentЪ weyt vrytsno et gohwjet gjéftЪ et xjoloiЪ treym yf eda gwesd ca brjeskop ednelЪ.
  • All humans are free and equal in dignity and rights born. They are with reason and conscience gifted and should towards each other in a spirit of brotherhood act.

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