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Zzatud

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Zzatud
Ԅатуд
Type
Fusional
Alignment
Nominative–accusative
Head direction
Initial
Tonal
No
Declensions
Yes
Conjugations
Yes
Genders
3
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect


Example Sentences of Zzatud
I am a man.
Я щагат.
I love you.
Я ним бли.
I will give you horses.
Я гоѵю яѷисул гаӷ.
Do you hear the sound from the east?
Деж ги яхиӓ итӱлух ёз-лэдзӥџ?
This is a constructed language.
Ижва дячоҟищ зэликэс.

General informationEdit

Zzatud is a language spoken in Zzatudstan (Zzatud: Ԅатудкӓӧнѳ), in Central Asia. This language features Cyrillic scripts and a bunch of consonants.
Map Zzatudstan

The Republic of Zzatudstan

PhonologyEdit

AlphabetEdit

Alphabet А а Б б В в Г г Ғ ғ Ӷ ӷ Д д Е е Ё ё Ж ж
Name A Be Ve Ge Ghe Gxe Da Ye Yo Je
А Бэ Вэ Гэ Ғэ Ӷэ Да Е Ё Жэ
Alphabet Ӂ ӂ Җ җ З з Ԅ ԅ Ѕ ѕ И и Ӥ ӥ ИЬ иь Ї ї Й й
Name Dha Zha Ze Zza Dze I Iu Eu Eo Ij'
Ӂа Җа Зэ Ԅа Ѕэ И Ӥ ИЬ Ї Ий
Alphabet Ҋ ҋ К к Ҟ ҟ Қ қ Л л Љ љ М м Н н О о Ӧ ӧ
Name Uo Ke Khe Kxe El Lxa Em En O Oa
Ҋ Кэ Ҟэ Қэ Эл Ља Эм

Эн

О Ӧ
Alphabet П п Р р Ӓ ӓ С с Т т Ҭ ҭ У у Ӱ ӱ Ф ф Ѵ ѵ
Name Pe Rho Ra Es Te Tha U Ui Ef Efh
Пэ Ро Ӓа Эс Тэ Ҭа У Ӱ Эф Эѵ
Alphabet Ѷ ѷ Ѳ ѳ Ԗ ԗ Х х Ҳ ҳ Ц ц Ч ч Џ џ Ш ш Щ щ
Name Evh Lhe Rxe Sxa Zxa Tse Che Dje Qe She
Эѷ Ѳэ Ԗэ Ха Ҳа Цэ Чэ Џэ Шэ Щэ
Alphabet Ь ь Э э Ӭ ӭ Ю ю Я я ДЦ дц ТХ тх
Name Baskrovh E Ae Yu Ya Dats Tasx
Баскӓоѷ Э Ӭ Ю Я Дац Тах

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Labio-dental Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Retroflex Palatal Velar Uvular
Nasal м /m/ н /n/
Stop п /p/, б /b/ т /t/, д /d/ к /k/, г /g/ қ /q/, ӷ /ɢ/
Fricative ѵ /ɸ/, ѷ /β/ ф /f/, в /v/ с /s/, з /z/ ш /ʃ/, ж /ʒ/ щ /ʂ/, җ /ʐ/ х /ɕ/, ҳ /ʑ/ ҟ /x/, ғ /ɣ/
Affricate ц /ts/, ѕ /dz/ ч /tʃ/, џ /dʒ/ ҭ /ʈʂ/, ӂ /ɖʐ/ тх /tɕ/, дц /dʑ/
Approximant ӓ /ɹ/
Trill р /r/ ԗ /ʀ/
Lateral fric. ѳ /ɬ/, љ /ɮ/
Lateral app. л /l/
Click ԅ /ǀ/

VowelsEdit

Front Central Back
Unrounded Rounded Unrounded Rounded Unrounded Rounded
Close и /i/ ӱ /y/ ӥ /ɨ/ ӥӱ /ʉ/ ҋ /ɯ/ у /u/
Close-mid э /e/ ї /ø/ о /o/
Mid иь /ə/
Open-mid ӭ /ɛ/ ӧ /ɔ/ 
Open а /a/

SyllableEdit

The structure of syllables in Zzatud is (C)(C)(C)V(C)(C). That is, there is a big variety, but we can still find some common strucutre:

Syllable Zzatud IPA English
V э /e/ on, over, above
AV я /ja/ I
VC ӱд /yd/ girl
CV лї /lø/ each
CVA ӂейь /dʐeɰ/ sign
CVC сёт /sʲot/ cat
CCVC стац /stats/ food
CCVAC вмолѕ /vmoldz/ mountain
DCCVC жстҋк /ʒstɯk/ river

Where A stands for approximant consonant and D stands for voiced consonant. Here are also some rules to obey:

  1. The only click consonant "ԅ" shall only appear right in front of a vowel with no other consonants between them.
  2. There shall not be any consonants between an approximant consonants and a vowel.

BaskrovhEdit

The letter "ь" is used for not only notation of palatalization but also new consonants and vowels. Here is a table:

Origin IPA Compound IPA
и /i/ иь /ə/
р /r/ рь /r̥/
й /j/ йь /ɰ/
н /n/ нь /ɲ/

The rest of compunds are about palatalization.

PronounEdit

Personal Pronoun
Singular Dual Plural
Masculine Neuter Femiline Masculine Neuter Femiline Masculine Neuter Femiline
First Person Accusative
me
Ло
Lo
Лоб
Lob
Луз
Luz
Instrumental, Ablative, Allative
with me / from me / to me
Яф
Yaf
Яб
Yab
Ябс
Yabc
Nominative
I
Я
Ya
(Яин)
(Yain)
Яд
Yad
Ӧз
Oaz
Essive
like me
Уя
Uya
Уяд
Uyad
Ую
Uyu
Dative, Vocative
to me / Oh I
Яф
Yaf
Яб
Yab
Ябс
Yabs
Genetive
mine
Яв
Yav
Ява
Yava
Яву
Yavu
Reflexive
myself
Яѕ
Yadz
Яди
Yadi
Ӧзи
Oazi
Second Person Accusative
thee
Гиа
Gia
Хю
Sxyu
Ним
Nim
Гйис
Gj'is
Хюб
Sxyub
Нимб
Nimb
Гим
Gim
Хаз
Sxaz
Нӥҟ
Niukh
Instrumental, Ablative, Allative
with thee / to thee / from thee
Гип
Gip
Гупа
Gupa
Гэц
Gets
Nominative
thou
Ги
Gi
Гит
Git
Гиѳ
Gilh
Гу
Gu
Гут
Gut
Гуѳ
Gulh
Ган
Gan
Гант
Gant
Ганѳ
Ganlh
Essive
like thee
Мос
Mos
Молс
Mols
Мос
Mos
Ӓӱн
Ruin
Ӓӱнд
Ruind
Ӓӱн
Ruin
ТХуиц
Tsxuits
ТХуац
Tsxuats
ТХуиц
Tsxuits
Dative, Vocative
to thee / Oh thou
Гаӷ
Gagx
Гуӷ
Gugx
Гӥ
Giu
Genetive
thy
Гэл
Gel
Гул
Gul
Гэлӂ
Guldh
Гэли
Geli
Гэлд
Geld
Гэлиӂ
Gelidh
Гук
Guk
Гак
Gak
Гуӂ
Gudh
Reflexive
thyself
Сиж
Sij
Сиц
Sits
Сиж
Sij
Суч
Such
Суз
Suz
Суч
Such
Сӥғ
Siugh
Сӥљ
Siulx
Сӥғ
Siugh
Third Person Accusative
him
Ӭдц
Aedts
Ӭдца
Aedtsa
Ӭдцэ
Aedtse
Ӭб
Aeb
Ӭбу
Aebu
Ӭбӧ
Aebao
Ӭтх
Aetsx
Ӭтха
Aetsxa
Ӭтхэ
Aetsxe
Instrumental, Ablative, Allative
with him / to him / from him
Ӭч
Aech
Ӭча
Aecha
Ӭчэ
Aeche
Ӭчу
Aechu
Ӭчад
Aechad
Ӭчэд
Aeched
Ӭх
Aesx
Ӭхбла
Aesxbla
Ӭха
Aesxa
Nominative
he
Вда
Vda
Вдас
Vdas
Вдэс
Vdes
Вду
Vdu
Вдус
Vdus
Вдуд
Vdud
Вис
Vis
Вийяс
Vij'yas
Вид
Vid
Essive
like him
Ӂӥл
Dhiul
Ӂӥв
Dhiuv
Ӂӥх
Dhiusx
Ӂил
Dhil
Ӂив
Dhiv
Ӂих
Dhisx
Ӂӧл
Dhoal
Ӂӧв
Dhoav
Ӂӧх
Dhoasx
Dative, Vocative
to him / Oh he
Ӭшэщ
Aeqesh
Ӭшащ
Aeqash
Ӭшещ
Aeqyesh
Ӭшэ
Aeqe
Ӭша
Aeqa
Ӭше
Aeqye
Ӭԅ
Aezz
Ӭԅа
Aezza
Ӭԅук
Aezzuk
Genetive
his
Вӱс
Vuis
Вӱт
Vuit
Вӱст
Vuist
Вӧс
Vaos
Вӧт
Vaot
Вӧст
Vaost
Вӓат
Vrat
Вӓак
Vrak
Вӓаж
Vraj
Reflexive
himself
Җаз
Zhaz
Җаим
Zhaim
Җал
Zhal
Җӭдц
Zhaedts
Җӭтх
Zhaetsx
Җӭџ
Zhaedj
Җиӓ
Zhir
Җиӓҟ
Zhirkh
Җиӓу
Zhiru
Masculine Neuter Femiline Masculine Neuter Femiline Masculine Neuter Femiline
Singular Dual Plural
Indefinite Pronoun
Universal (every) Assertive Existential (some) Elective Existential (any) Distributive (each) Other (other) Negative (none)
Singular лаҗ
lazh
мийӧҟ
mij'aokh
ѷэс
vhes
лї
leo
ёф
yof
нйэ
nje
Dual лӱҗ
luizh
мийуҟ
mij'ukh
ѷэст
vhest
(лїд)
(leod)
ёфа
yofa
нийс
nij's
Plural, Uncountable лаҗӭ
lazhae
миҟӭ
mikhae
ѷӭс
vhaes
ёфк
yofk
нӭж
naej

Interrogative PronounEdit

Interrogative Pronoun
SIngular, Uncertain Dual Plural Adjective
What Этэ
Ete
Этэу
Ete'u
Этэуа
Ete'u'a
Этэғ
Etegh
Who Иѷэ
Ivhe
Иѷэу
Ivhe'u
Иѷэуа
Ivhe'u'a
Иѷэғ
Ivhegh
Why Унэ
Une
Унэу
Une'u
Унэуа
Une'u'a
Унэғ
Unegh
Where Ӥӓэ
Iure
Ӥӓэу
Iure'u
Ӥӓэуа
Iure'u'a
Ӥӓэғ
Iuregh
Whither Ӥӓа
Iura
Ӥӓау
Iura'u
Ӥӓауа
Iura'u'a
Ӥӓағ
Iuragh
Whence Ӥӓӧ
Iuroa
Ӥӓӧу
Iuroa'u
Ӥӓӧуа
Iuroa'u'a
Ӥӓӧғ
Iuroagh
At When Гопрэ
Goprhe
Гопрэу
Goprhe'u
Гопрэуа
Goprhe'u'a
Гопрэғ
Goprhegh
Till When Гопра
Goprha
Гопрау
Goprha'u
Гопрауа
Goprha'u'a
Гопрағ
Goprhagh
From When Гопрӧ
Goprhoa
Гопрӧу
Goprhoa'u
Гопрӧуа
Goprhoa'u'a
Гопрӧғ
Goprhoagh
How Рэ
Rhe
Рэу
Rhe'u
Рэуа
Rhe'u'a
Рэғ
Rhegh
How much/many ИЬсэ
Euse
ИЬсэу
Euse'u
ИЬсэуа
Euse'u'a
ИЬсэғ
Eusegh
Whose Иѷэӥ
Ivhe'iu
Иѷэїԗ
Ivhe'eorx
Иѷэуӓ
Ivhe'ur
Иѷэӥғ
Ivhe'iugh
Whether Ҋве
Uovye
Ҋвеу
Uovye'u
Ҋвеуа
Uovye'u'a
Ҋвеғ
Uovyegh
Which Аве
Avye
Авеу
Avye'u
Авеуа
Avye'u'a
Авеғ
Avyegh

Basicly their declension are same as normal nouns. Most of the time these interogative pronouns are treated as neuter noun, but in past tense they are masculine, and in the future tense they are femiline.

Demonstrative PronounEdit

Singular Plural
Proximal Medial Distal Proximal Medial Distal
Nominative Masculine
Femiline
Neuter
Accusative Masculine
Femiline
Neuter
Genetive Masculine
Femiline
Neuter
Dative, Essive Masculine
Femiline
Neuter
Instrumental,
Ablative,
Allative
Masculine
Femiline
Neuter

NounEdit

GenderEdit

Like most languages featuring gender, genders of nouns in Zzatud depends on the ending. Well, most of them do.

Ending Example
Masculine Most Consonants зэлик (zelik, language)
Femiline ѷ, в, з, ж, җ, ҳ, Vowels, Nasal Consonants ӥон (iu'on, sun)
Neuter Approximant, Lateral, Trill and Click Consonants ҳаѳ (zxalh, crown)

There are also exceptions such as nouns whose genders depends on their meanings. For example, the word "ӱд"uid(girl) has the ending "д" but it's femiline noun.

Declension according to Case, Number and GenderEdit

Here are totally 9 cases and 3 classes of declension in Zzatud.

First Class Declension, for Most Masculine Nouns
гат (gat, man) Singular Dual Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Motion Ablative гатэс
gates
ягатэс
yagates
гатёс
gatyos
ӥҟгатёс
eokhgatyos
гатэсаю
gatesayu
гатэсая
gatesaya
Allative гата
gata
ягата
yagata
гатю
gatyu
ӥҟгатю
eokhgatyu
гатаю
gatayu
гатая
gataya

Morpho-

syntactic

Alignment

Accusative гатэс
gates
ӓигатэс
rigates
гатї
gateo
ригатї
rhigateo
гатэсаю
gatesayu
гатэсая
gatesaya
Instrumental гатад
gatad
гатадц
gatadts
гатод
gatod
гатодц
gatodts
гатадаю
gatadayu
гатадая
gatadaya
Nominative гат
gat
гатяғ
gatyagh
гати
gati
гатйёӷ
gatj'yogx
гатю
gatyu
гатий
gatij'
Relation Dative гата
gata
ягата
yagata
гатюѕ
gatyudz
ӥҟгатюѕ
eokhgatyudz
гатаю
gatayu
гатая
gataya
Genetive гатис
gatis
гатиԗ
gatirx
гатйэс
gatj'es
гатйэԗ
gatj'erx
гатисаю
gatisayu
гатисая
gatisayu
Semantic Vocative Гатя
Gatya
Гатюст
Gatyust
Гатят
Gatyat
Гатюӷт
Gatyugxt
Гатяю
Gatyayu
Гатяй
Gatyaj'
State Essive щагат
shagat
ящагат
yashagat
мигат
migat
ӥҟмигат
eokhmigat
фагатаю
fagatayu
лигатаю
ligatayu

Note that somehow allative case has been merged by dative case.

Second Class Declension, for Most Femiline and Some Neuter Nouns
вон (von, tree) Singular Dual Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Motion Ablative AS GENETIVE
Allative AS DATIVE

Morpho-

syntactic

Alignment

Accusative вонӭ
vonae
вонӭз
vonaez
вонэк
vonek
вонэкс
voneks
вонюҗ
vonyuzh
вонюӂ
vonyudh
Instrumental воня
vonya
вонял
vonyal
вонёс
vonyos
вонёсь
vonyos'
вонйоғ
vonj'ogh
вонйоғь
vonj'ogh'
Nominative вон
von
вонаг
vonag
вону
vonu
вонуҟ
vonukh
вонуа
vonua
вонуаж
vonuaj
Relation Dative вона
vona
вонаҳ
vonazx
вонеч
vonyech
вонемч
vonyemch
вонйуқ
vonj'ukx
вонйуӷ
vonj'ugx
Genetive вонӥ
voniu
вонӥџ
voniudj
вонїԗ
voneorx
вонїуԗ
voneo'urx
вонуӓ
vonyr
вонуӓџ
vonurdj
Semantic Vocative AS NOMINATIVE
State Essive ѷивон
vhivon
ѷйявон
vhj'yavon
ѳӱвон
lhuivon
ѳйӱвон
lhj'uivon
циьвон
tseuvon
цаиьвон
tsa'euvon
Third Class Declension, for Some Masculine, Femiline and Most Neuter Nouns
џощ (djosh, water) Singular Dual Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Motion Ablative AS GENETIVE
Allative AS DATIVE

Morpho-

syntactic

Alignment

Accusative џощу
djoshu
џощух
djoshusx
џощум
djoshum
џощуд
djoshud
џощӱѳ
djoshuilh
џощӱљ
djoshuilx
Instrumental џоща
djosha
џощах
djoshasx
џощам
djosham
џощад
djoshad
џощїӓ
djosheor
џощїљ
djosheolx
Nominative џощ
djosh
џощях
djoshyasx
џощям
djoshyam
џощяд
djoshyad
џощӥԗ
djosheorx
џощӥљ
djosheolx
Relation Dative џощэ
djoshe
џощэх
djoshesx
џощэм
djoshem
џощэд
djoshed
џощӧѷ
djoshoavh
џощӧљ
djoshoalx
Genetive џощис
djoshis
џощих
djoshisx
џощим
djoshim
џощид
djoshid
џощҋӂ
djoshuodh
џощҋљ
djoshuolx
Semantic Vocative AS DATIVE
State Essive дцӭџощ
dtsaedjosh
мӭџощ
maedjosh
ԗиџощ
rxidjosh
ѵиџощ
fhidjosh
заџощ
zadjosh
кйаџощ
kj'adjosh

Genetive NounEdit

The genetive nouns can also be used as determiner, but it requires the same suffix as other adjectives when modifying accusative nouns.

  • Сталиниԗ волжяғ. (The Stalin's flag.)

Essive NounEdit

Besides used for denoting the state of something, the essive case can also, same as genetive case, used as adjectives. Yet, it requires the same suffix as other adjectives when modifying accusative nouns.

  • Ящасталин волжяғ. (The flag featuring Stalin.)

VerbEdit

Infinitive FormEdit

Silimar to Russian, most of Zzatud verbs has regular infinitive form. There are two infinitive endings: -юџ (-yudj) and -ҋӓд (-uord). There are also exceptions.

ConjugationEdit

First Class Conjugation, for -юџ Ending Verbs
блюџ (blyudj, love) Active Passive
Present Past Future Present Past Future
First Person Singular бли
bli
блисч
blisch
блиѕ
blidz
блядц
blyadts
бляц
blyats
бляҟ
blyakh
Plural блиь
bli'
блись
blic'
блиѕь
blidz'
блядцёлд
blyadtsyold
бляцёл
blyatsyol
бляҟёл
blyakhyol
Second Person Singular блиӓ
blir
блиӓс
blirs
блиӓѕ
blirdz
блйӱдц
blj'uidts
блйӱц
blj'uits
блйӱҟ
blj'uikh
Plural блиц
blits
блиӓсь
blirs'
блиӓѕь
blirdz'
блйӱдцёл
blj'uidtsyol
блйӱцёлв
blj'uitsyolv
блйӱҟёл
blj'uikhyol
Third Person Singular блӧѳ
bloalh
блӧқ
bloakx
блӧљ
bloalx
блайӧҭ
blaj'oath
блайӧтх
blaj'oatsx
блайӧп
blaj'oal
Plural блҋѳ
bluolh
блҋқ
bluokx
блҋљ
bluolx
блїҭ
bleoth
блїтх
bleotsx
блїп
bleop
Participle сублиш
subliq
сублищ
sublish
дяблиш
dyabliq
дяблищ
dyablish
Adverbial Participle цублӱԗ
tsubluirx
цублӱк
tsubluik
ҭӱблюх
thuiblyusx
ҭӱблюԗ
thuiblyurx


Second Class Conjugation, for -ҋӓд Ending Verbs
ѵадҋӓд (fhaduord, write) Active Passive
Present Past Future Present Past Future
First Person Singular ѵадунч
fhadunch
ѵадув
fhaduv
ѵадул
fhadul
ѵадаҭ
fhadath
ѵадаҟ
fhadakh
ѵадаѕ
fhadadz
Plural ѵадуэнч
fhadu'ench
ѵадуэв
fhadu'ev
ѵадуэл
fhaduel
ѵадуаҭ
fhadu'ath
ѵадуаҟ
fhadu'akh
ѵадуаѕ
fhadu'adz
Second Person Singular ѵадӱѕ
fhaduidz
ѵадӱдц
fhaduidts
ѵадӱџ
fhaduidj
ѵадёҳ
fhadyozx
ѵадёмс
fhadyoms
ѵадёкт
fhadyokt
Plural ѵадюѕ
fhadyudz
ѵадюдц
fhadyudts
ѵадюџ
fhadyudj
ѵадйяҳ
fhadj'yazx
ѵадйямс
fhadj'yams
ѵадйякт
fhadj'yakt
Third Person Singular ѵадӧлж
fhadoalj
ѵадӧк
fhadoak
ѵадӧнц
fhadoants
ѵадӧив
fhadao'iv
ѵадӧиѳ
fhadao'ilh
ѵадӧиљ
fhadao'ilx
Plural ѵадҋлж
fhaduolj
ѵадҋк
fhaduok
ѵадҋнц
fhaduonts
ѵадїов
fhadeo'ov
ѵадїоѳ
fhadeo'olh
ѵадїољ
fhadeo'olx
Participle ӷаѵадӓа
gxafhadra
ӷаѵадӓу
gxafhadru
ҟиьѵада
kheufhada
ҟиьѵадьа
kheufhad'a
Adverbial Participle гоѵадлус
gofhadlus
гоѵадляс
gofhadlyas
миӧѵадёй
mi'aofhadyoj'
миӧѵадьёй
mi'aofhad'yoj'

Adjective, AdverbEdit

Adjectives themselves don't have gender, but they change their form according to the ending, the gender ,and case of noun. Adjectives in Zzatud don't depend on number.

Voiceless Ending Nominative, Vocative Accusative Motion Dative, Essive Genetive Instrumental Noun Form(N.) Adverb
ӱлк-
(uilk-, golden)
Masculine Noun ӱлкуой
uilkoij'
ӱлкуоѷ
uilkovh
ӱлкуоҟ
uilkokh
ӱлкуом
uilkom
ӱлкуось
uilkos'
ӱлкуосэ
uilkose
ӱлкив
uilkiv
ӱлкяй
uilkyaj'
Femiline Noun ӱлкё
uilkyo
ӱлкёз
uilkyoz
ӱлкёҟ
uilkyokh
ӱлкёӓҟ
uilkyorkh
Neuter Noun ӱлкї
uilkeo
ӱлкїщ
uilkeosh
ӱлкїҟ
uilkeokh
Voiced, Lateral, Vowel Ending Nominative, Vocative Accusative Motion Dative, Essive Genetive Instrumental Noun Form(N.) Adverb
баљ-
(balx-, elegant)
Masculine Noun баљиьн
balxeun
баљиьѕ
balxeudz
баљиьџ
balxeudj
баљиьв
balxeuv
баљиьть
balxeut'
баљиьж
balxeuj
баљм
balxm
баљми
balxmi
Femiline Noun баљяӂ
balxyadh
баљяѵ
balxyafh
баљядц
balxyadts
Neuter Noun баљиӭр
balxi'aerh
баљиӭљ
balxi'aelx
баљиӭӓг
balxi'aerg

Adverbs don't reflect, they have only one form.

PrepositionEdit

Prepositions can reflect the same way as other adjectives and be regarded as adjective roots with meanings. That is:

  • мац (above) → мацуой (upper), мацис (thing above) → мацисӥљ (the things above)

SyntaxEdit

DeclarationEdit

The most normal sentence in languages: the declaration. In Zzatud, the syntax of declaration is different from most european languages like English, French, and Atramia. It's like Japanese, that is to say, the syntax of declaration in Zzatud is SOV.

  • Бавресйяғ ӱдэкс блӧқ. (The slave the two girls loved.)(The slave loved the two girls.)

QuestionEdit

As for the question, the syntax changes to OSV. In other words, the object has been put in front of the subject.

  • Ԅэ-гопра ло ги фэчкиӓ?(Till when me you look?)(When will you stop looking at me?)
  • Де ги яхиӓ итӱлух ёз-лэдзӥџ?(It you hear the sound from-the-east?)(Do you hear the sound from the east?)

Syntactic ExpletiveEdit

Since both subject and object are in front of verb, Zzatud has a system of expletive for them. The expletives depends on gender and case.

Expletives Nominative, Vocative Accusative Genetive Dative, Essive Motion Instrumental
Masculine Да
Da
Даж
Dazh
Дивж
Divzh
Дар
Darh
Дӧѳ
Doalh
Дяӂ
Dyadh
Femiline Дун
Dun
Дуит
Du'it
Дукт
Dukt
Neuter Де
Dye
Деж
Dyezh
Деҗ
Dyezh

NegationEdit

To express negation, simply put the negation word "из" in front of a verb. There is also a form for imperative sentences: "ец".

CommandEdit

To command, we use verb roots instead of any other declensions.

  • Иш! (Go to sleep!)
  • Ец деж иқ! (Don't say it!)

VocabularyEdit

main article: Zzatud Lexicon

Zzatud lexicon, different from other dictionaried, has declensions and conjugations for every words, on account of the annoying grammar.Here's an example:

Zzatud Romanization English Conjugation
афюџ afyudj stop
афюџ (afyudj, stop) Active Passive
Present Past Future Present Past Future
Infinitive афюџ
afyudj
First Person Singular афи
afi
афисч
afisch
афиѕ
afidz
афядц
afyadts
афяц
afyats
афяҟ
afyakh
Plural афиь
afi'
афись
afic'
афиѕь
afidz'
афядцёлд
afyadtsyold
афяцёл
afyatsyol
афяҟёл
afyakhyol
Second Person Singular афиӓ
afir
афиӓс
afirs
афиӓѕ
afirdz
афйӱдц
afj'uidts
афйӱц
afj'uits
афйӱҟ
afj'uikh
Plural афиц
afits
афиӓсь
afirs'
афиӓѕь
afirdz'
афйӱдцёл
afj'uidtsyol
афйӱцёлв
afj'uitsyolv
афйӱҟёл
afj'uikhyol
Third Person Singular афӧѳ
afoalh
афӧқ
afoakx
афӧљ
afoalx
афайӧҭ
afaj'oath
афайӧтх
afaj'oatsx
афайӧп
afaj'oal
Plural афҋѳ
afuolh
афҋқ
afuokx
афҋљ
afuolx
афїҭ
afeoth
афїтх
afeotsx
афїп
afeop
Participle суафиш
suafiq
суафищ
suafish
дяафиш
dyaafiq
дяафищ
dyaafish
Adverbial Participle цуафӱԗ
tsuafuirx
цуафӱк
tsuafuik
ҭӱафюх
thuiafyusx
ҭӱафюԗ
thuiafyurx

Example textEdit

Я ним бли.

I love you.


Узв фаҭэлғсаю. Я цит гип даж еқиѕь узв тоѕиьѕ џейљиьѕ ҭэлғсэсаю.

There are apples. I and you will eat ten red apples there.


МАРКСИԖ, ЭНГЭЛСИԖ, ЛЕНИНИԖ, ЦИТ СТАЛИНИԖ ВОЛЖЭСАЯ ВЭИҞ!

Raise high the banner of Marx, Engels, Lenin and Stalin!



СЭЙЦИԖ ӦВУАЖ ГОБИС ФРИМЭС ИЗ СҊѶКЕНТИЅЬ.

We nations of the world will not repeat the horror of war.

КатюшаEdit

Афавуаж цит җэкӓивуаж ӂёпӷэԗҋқ.

Apple trees and pear trees were blooming.

Џйисий всчэдадая ӂёпсӓарҋқ.

The mist was creeping on the river.

Катюша йивиаҳ ӂёппуҟӧк.

Katuysha was on the way to the bank.

Йиваг, дивж киселӥԗ ӂёпдӧшҋқ.

The bank whose rocks were standing straight.

GallaryEdit

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